Educational Standards
(Visit Module Lessons for the specific educational objectives and standards
addressed by the lessons that accompany the AstroVenture multimedia
modules.)
Educational Standards List:
2061 Benchmarks for Science Literacy
NSES National Science and Education Standards
NCTM National Council of Teachers on Mathematics Standards
ISTE International Society for Technology in Education Standards
Benchmarks for Science Literacy (2061)
1. 
The Nature of Science 
7. 
Human Society 

A. The Scientific World View
B. Scientific Inquiry
C. Scientific Enterprise 

A. Cultural Effects on Behavior
B. Group Behavior
C. Social Change
D. Social TradeOffs
E. Political and Economic Systems
F. Social Conflict
G. Global Interdependence 




2. 
The Nature of Mathematics 
8. 
The Designed World 

A. Patterns and Relationships
B. Mathematics, Science and Technology
C. Mathematical Inquiry 

A. Agriculture
B. Materials and Manufacturing
C. Energy Sources and Use
D. Communication
E. Information Processing
F. Health Technology





3. 
The Nature of Technology 
9. 
The Mathematical World 

A. Technology and Science
B. Design and Systems
C. Issues in Technology 

A. Numbers
B. Symbolic Relationships
C. Shapes
D. Uncertainty
E. Reasoning 




4. 
The Physical Setting 
10. 
Historical Perspectives 

A. The Universe
B. The Earth
C. Processes That Shape the Earth
D. Structure of Matter
E. Energy Transformations
F. Motion
G. Forces of Nature 

A. Displacing the Earth from the Center of the Universe
B. Uniting the Heavens and Earth
C. Relating Matter & Energy and Time & Space
D. Extending Time
E. Moving the Continents
F. Understanding Fire
G. Splitting the Atom
H. Explaining the Diversity of Life
I. Discovering Germs
J. Harnessing Power 




5. 
The Living Environment 
11. 
Common Themes 

A. Diversity of Life
B. Heredity
C. Cells
D. Interdependence of Life
E. Flow of Matter and Energy
F. Evolution of Life 

A. Systems
B. Models
C. Constancy and Change
D. Scale 




6. 
The Human Organism 
12. 
Habits of the Mind 

A. Human Identity
B. Human Development
C. Basic Functions
D. Learning
E. Physical Health
F. Mental Health


A. Values and
Attitudes
B. Computation and Estimation
C. Manipulation and Observation
D. Communication Skills
E. CriticalResponse Skills 
National Science and Education Standards (NSES)
Unifying Concepts and
Processes (UCP) 



K12
1. Systems, order and organization
2. Evidence, models and explanation
3. Change, constancy, and measurement
4. Evolution and equilibrium
5. Form and function 



Content Standard A: Science
as Inquiry 



K12
1. Abilities necessary to do scientific inquiry
2. Understanding about scientific inquiry 



Content Standard B: Physical
Science 



K4
1. Properties of objects and materials
2. Position and motion of objects
3. Light, heat, electricity and magnetism 
58
1. Properties and changes of properties in matter
2. Motions and forces
3. Transfer of energy 
912
1.Structure of atoms
2. Structure and properties of matter
3. Chemical reactions
4. Motions and forces
5. Conservation of energy and increase in disorder
6. Interactions of energy and matter 



Content Standard C: Life
Science 



K4
1. Characteristics of organisms
2. Life cycle of organisms
3. Organisms and environments 
58
1. Structure and function in living systems
2. Reproduction and heredity
3. Regulation and behavior
4. Populations and ecosystems
5. Diversity and adaptations of organisms 
912
1. The cell
2. Molecular basis of heredity
3. Biological evolution
4. Interdependence of organisms
5. Matter, energy and organization in living systems
6. Behavior of organisms 



Content Standard D: Earth
and Space Science 



K4
1. Properties of earth materials
2. Objects in the sky
3. Changes in earth and sky 
58
1. Structure of the earth system
2. Earth's history
3. Earth in the solar system 
912
1. Energy in the earth systems
2. Geochemical cycles
3. Origin and evolution of the earth system
4. Origin and evolution of the universe 



Content Standard E: Science
and Technology 
K4
1. Abilities to distinguish between natural objects and objects made
by humans
2. Abilities of technological design
3. Understanding about science and technology 
512
1. Abilities of technological design
2. Understandings about science and technology 




Content Standard F: Science
in Personal and Social Perspectives 
K4
1. Personal Health
2. Characteristics and changes in population
3. Types of resources
4. Changes in environments
5. Science and technology in local challenges 
58
1. Personal Health
2. Populations, resources and environments
3. Natural hazards
4. Risks and benefits
5. Science and technology in society 
912
1. Personal and community health
2. Population growth
3. Natural resources
4. Environmental quality
5. Natural and humaninduced hazards
6. Science and technology in local, national and global challenges 



Content Standard G: History
and Nature of Science 



K4
1. Science as a human endeavor 
58
1. Science as a human endeavor
2. Nature of science
3. History of science 
912
1. Science as a human endeavor
2. Nature of scientific knowledge
3. Historical perspectives 
National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) Standards
STANDARD 1: NUMBER AND OPERATION
Mathematics instructional programs should foster the development of number
and operation sense so that all students–
 understand numbers, ways of representing numbers, relationships
among numbers, and number systems
 understand the meaning of operations
and how they relate to each other;
 use computational tools and strategies
fluently and estimate appropriately.
STANDARD 2: PATTERNS, FUNCTIONS, AND ALGEBRA
Mathematics instructional programs should include attention to patterns,
functions, symbols, and models so that all students–
 understand various types of patterns and functional relationships;
 use
symbolic forms to represent and analyze mathematical situations and
structures;
 use mathematical models and analyze change in both real
and abstract contexts.
STANDARD 3: GEOMETRY AND SPATIAL SENSE
Mathematics instructional programs should include attention to geometry
and spatial sense so that all students–
 analyze characteristics and properties of two and threedimensional
geometric objects;
 select and use different representational systems,
including coordinate geometry and graph theory;
 recognize the usefulness
of transformations and symmetry in analyzing mathematical situations;
 use
visualization and spatial reasoning to solve problems both within
and outside of mathematics.
STANDARD 4: MEASUREMENT
Mathematics instructional programs should include attention to measurement
so that all students–
 understand attributes, units, and systems of measurement;
apply a variety of techniques, tools, and formulas for determining
measurements.
STANDARD 5: DATA ANALYSIS, STATISTICS, AND PROBABILITY
Mathematics instructional programs should include attention to data analysis,
statistics, and probability so that all students–
 pose questions and collect, organize, and represent data to answer
those questions;
 interpret data using methods of exploratory data analysis;
 develop
and evaluate inferences, predictions, and arguments that are based
on data;
 understand and apply basic notions of chance and probability.
STANDARD 6: PROBLEM SOLVING
Mathematics instructional programs should focus on solving problems as
part of understanding mathematics so that all students–
 build new mathematical knowledge through their work with problems;
 develop
a disposition to formulate, represent, abstract, and generalize in
situations within and outside mathematics;
 apply a wide variety of
strategies to solve problems and adapt the strategies to new situations;
 monitor
and reflect on their mathematical thinking in solving problems.
STANDARD 7: REASONING AND PROOF
Mathematics instructional programs should focus on learning to reason
and construct proofs as part of understanding mathematics so that all
students–
 recognize reasoning and proof as essential and powerful parts of
mathematics;
 make and investigate mathematical conjectures;
 develop and evaluate
mathematical arguments and proofs;
 select and use various types of
reasoning and methods of proof as appropriate.
STANDARD 8: COMMUNICATION
Mathematics instructional programs should use communication to foster
understanding of mathematics so that all students–
 organize and consolidate their mathematical thinking to communicate
with others;
 express mathematical ideas coherently and clearly to peers,
teachers, and others;
 extend their mathematical knowledge by considering the thinking
and strategies of others;
 use the language of mathematics as a precise
means of mathematical expression.
STANDARD 9: CONNECTIONS
Mathematics instructional programs should emphasize connections to foster
understanding. Of mathematics so that all students–
 recognize and use connections among different mathematical ideas;
 understand
how mathematical ideas build on one another to produce a coherent
whole;
 recognize, use, and learn about mathematics in contexts outside
of mathematics.
STANDARD 10: REPRESENTATION
Mathematics instructional programs should emphasize mathematical representations
to foster understanding of mathematics so that all students–
 create and use representations to organize, record, and communicate
mathematical ideas;
 develop a repertoire of mathematical representations
that can be used purposefully, flexibly, and appropriately;
 use representations
to model and interpret physical, social, and mathematical phenomena.
International Society for Technology in Education (ISTE) Standards
TECHNOLOGY FOUNDATION STANDARDS FOR STUDENTS
1. Basic operations and concepts
 Students demonstrate a sound understanding of the nature and operation
of technology system.
 Students are proficient in the use of technology.
2. Social, ethical, and human issues
 Students understand the ethical, cultural and societal issues related
to technology.
 Students practice responsible use of technology systems,
information and software.
 Students develop positive attitudes toward
technology uses that support lifelong learning, collaboration, personal
pursuits and productivity.
3. Technology productivity tools
 Students use technology tools to enhance learning, increase productivity
and promote creativity.
 Students use productivity tools to collaborate
in constructing technologyenhanced models, prepare publications and
produce other creative works.
4. Technology
communications tools
 Students use telecommunications to collaborate, publish and interact
with peers, experts and other audiences.
 Students use a variety of media
and formats to communicate information and ideas effectively to multiple
audiences.
5. Technology research tools
 Students use technology to locate, evaluate and collect information
from a variety of sources.
 Students use technology tools to process data
and report results.
 Students evaluate and select new information resources
and technological innovations based on the appropriateness for specific
tasks.
6. Technology
problemsolving and decision making tools
 Students use technology resources for solving problems and making informed
decisions.
 Students employ technology in the development of strategies
for solving problems in the real world.
