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This material was developed for the Live From Mars project by Passport to Knowledge. Live From Mars was a precursor to Mars Team Online.


"Today on Mars" program script - part 1 of 2

Live From Mars, program 5, "Today on Mars"
Airs November 13th 1997, on PBS and NASA-TV

>SECOND< DRAFT RUNDOWN AS OF 11/9/97: NOTE, THIS >WILL< STILL 
CHANGE, GIVEN LATE BREAKING MGS EVENTS! ALSO – VITAC – WORDS 
ARE >NOT< FINAL: THEY WILL BE WEDS. PM.

Live sites: 
A) NASA/JPL, 3 locations
a) Pathfinder sandbox (DONNA SHIRLEY re: Pathfinder and "future")
b) DSN (Deep Space Network)/SFOF (GLENN CUNNINGHAM re: Mars Global 
Surveyor, and also WAYNE LEE, MGS Mission Planner)
c) TV studio (rear of Von Karman) (CAMILLE MOODY, show host and kids, 
TBD)
NOTE: This location >might< have blue screen to set Camille "on" Mars:
test 
and decide TUES/WEDS 11/10/97, 11/11/97

JPL staffing
Executive Producer: GHS
Location producer: RICHARD DOWLING
Tape producer/editor: BRIAN IGELMAN 
Director: DWIGHT PHILIPS
Broadcast coordinator: GEORGE BENEMAN
PA: Anne Devereaux?
Facilities via JPL AV (Steve Bridges as poc) and PSSI for up and downlinks

B) ARIZONA STATE UNIVERSITY / MGS TES CONTROL (Thermal Emission 
Spectrometer), 2 locations in same Moeur Building
a) TES model (in main room) (PHIL CHRISTENSEN and local students)
b) Computer room (direct contact with MGS) (PHIL, grad students and local 
students)

Location producer: PAM STEVENSON
Talent: DAVID SEIDEL (from JPL)
Facilities via KAET, Ch 8, Tempe

E-mail questions posed via JPL: need access (off camera) to an Internet 
computer to access incoming messages: then printed out and given to "kids
on 
Mars." 
 
DWIGHT: WE SHOULD NOT PUT VTR QUESTIONS OVER MAP, BUT OVER 
SOME KIND OF NICE MPF BACKGROUND, WITH BOTTOM SUPER. TO 
DISCUSS.

Times in (PARENS) = segment times
Times in  = program running time


1) UNDERWRITER ANNOUNCE: VTR (00:14) 
Music and announce on tape
"Live From Mars" IS MADE POSSIBLE IN PART BY THE
NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINSTRATION
THE NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION, AND
PUBLIC TELEVISION…

2) TEASE: LIVE CAMILLE V.O. VTR AND LIVE IMAGES (01:30) 
!!!MUST REHEARSE TEASE DURING TEST TIME!!!

1.1 CAMILLE >>>LIVE<<< V.O. VTR AND STILL FRAMES…
NOVEMBER 1996… MARS GLOBAL SURVEYOR TAKES OFF FOR MARS…

FOLLOWED ONE MONTH LATER BY MARS PATHFINDER…

JULY 1997: PATHFINDER ARRIVES, LANDS SAFELY, AND RETURNS 
THOUSANDS OF AMAZING IMAGES AND SCIENCE RESULTS…

SEPTEMBER 1997… MGS ARRIVES, AND BEGINS A LONG SERIES OF 
BRAKING MANEUVERS TO LOWER ITSELF INTO ORBIT, ALREADY 
SHOWING US MAGNETIC FIELDS, CORRECTING OUR MAPS, AND 
BRINGING AMAZING NEW IMAGES LIKE THIS ONE OF (OLYMPUS MONS)…

1.2 CAMILLE TO CAMERA: LIVE
Name super: CAMILLE
THROUGH "Live From Mars", YOU WERE THERE FOR THOSE EVENTS, 
AND TODAY YOU'RE >HERE<, AT NASA'S JET PROPULSION 
LABORATORY, MISSION CONTROL FOR BOTH THESE SPACECRAFT. 

See GLENN
WITH US IS GLOBAL SURVEYOR PROJECT MANAGER, GLENN 
CUNNINGHAM… GLENN, WHERE EXACTLY ARE YOU? 

1.3 GLENN ON CAMERA AT DSN
Name super: GLENN
GLENN:
CAMILLE, I'M OVER IN THE DEEP SPACE NETWORK, WHERE 
COMMUNICATIONS FROM ALL NASA'S SPACECRAFT FLOW IN TO JPL… 
I'M LOOKING FORWARD TO GIVING YOU AN UPDATE ON ALL THE LATEST 
FROM THE SPACECRAFT…

1.4 DAVID SEIDEL AND PHIL AT ASU
AND I'M DAVID SEIDEL. I NORMALLY WORK AT JPL, BUT TODAY I'M HERE 
IN PHOENIX, ARIZONA, AT "TES CONTROL". 

PHIL CHRISTENSEN, WHAT’S A "TES"?

Name super: PHIL
PHIL:
"TES" STANDS FOR THERMAL EMISSION SPECTROMETER, ONE OF THE 
INSTRUMENTS ON BOARD MGS… IT USES A SPECIAL INFRARED CAMERA 
TO FIGURE OUT THINGS LIKE TEMPERATURE, AND WHAT KIND OF 
ROCKS ARE DOWN BELOW…

NOTE THE TIGHT DIRECT THROW TO DONNA: NEED TO CUE!!!
DAVID (the mention of DONNA is to be delivered as a throw/cue):
We see the kids surrounding him and Phil they wave!
ALSO WITH US, STUDENTS WHO'VE BEEN FOLLOWING THE MISSIONS VIA 
"Live From Mars"… AND THEY'LL HAVE QUESTIONS FOR PHIL, GLENN 
AND… DONNA SHIRLEY, BACK AT JPL…

1.5 DONNA IN SANDBOX: JPL
HI, DAVID, CAMILLE AND EVERYBODY… I'M HERE IN OUR >SIMULATED< 
MARS, THE "SANDBOX" WHERE WE TESTED PATHFINDER AND 
SOJOURNER. 

SINCE WE LAST CAME TO YOU LIVE FROM HERE WE'VE HAD AN 
AMAZINGLY SUCCESSFUL MISSION ON THE >REAL< MARS, AND I'M 
GONNA BE SHARING RESULTS WITH YOU, AND LOOKING >AHEAD< TO 
FUTURE MISSIONS…
 
1.6 CAMILLE LIVE V.O. WAYNE WAVES FROM DSN, AND ON CAMERA
Camera pulls back to reveal Glenn as well
ALSO WITH US, WAYNE LEE, OVER IN THE DEEP SPACE NETWORK 
ALONG WITH GLENN CUNNINGHAM…

Clouds timelapse VTR from JPL press release reel
AND A "WEATHER REPORT" FROM MARS… 

Camille on camera
AND MORE ON HOW >YOU< CAN CONTINUE TO FOLLOW THE MISSIONS 
AND SIMULATE IN CLASS WHAT THESE NASA SCIENTISTS ARE DOING… 
 THAT'S ALL COMING UP TODAY, DURING PROGRAM 5, "TODAY ON 
MARS"!

Some kind of cute comment about the blue-screen
BY THE WAY, I'M NOT REALLY ON MARS… THOUGH THAT'S "YOGI" (OR 
WHATEVER ROCK) OVER THERE… 

AND THESE MARS MISSIONS ARE SCIENCE FACT NOT SCIENCE FICTION! 
SO LET'S GET GOING…

And throws to OPEN…

3) TITLES: VTR WITH PROGRAM 5 TITLE (01:00) 
Music and announce already on tape: GHS: CHECK TEXT!!!
PASSPORT TO KNOWLEDGE, AN ONGOING SERIES OF ELECTRONIC 
FIELD TRIPS TO SCIENTIFIC FRONTIERS, AND 
THE AMERICAN MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY, NEW YORK, 
AND
MISSISSIPPI STATE UNIVERSITY, PRESENT
Live From Mars, PROGRAM 5, "TODAY ON MARS"

4) MGS "MISSION UPDATE" VTR (02:00) 

LAST TIME ON "Live From Mars", WE TOLD YOU THAT MARS GLOBAL 
SURVEYOR ARRIVED SAFELY AT THE RED PLANET ON SEPTEMBER 
11TH… 

BUT MUCH HAS HAPPENED SINCE THEN… A >CHALLENGE< THAT COULD 
HAVE BEEN A MAJOR PROBLEM… TRANSFORMED INTO AN 
OPPORTUNITY WITH STUNNING RESULTS.

MGS IS THE FIRST AMERICAN SPACECRAFT TO USE AEROBRAKING 
INSTEAD OF ROCKET FUEL TO LOWER ITSELF INTO ORBIT. 

AS SEEN IN THIS ANIMATION, IT RELIES ON ITS SOLAR PANELS DIPPING 
INTO MARS' ATMOSPHERE TO GRADUALLY SLOW ITSELF DOWN. 

BUT THERE'D BEEN A PROBLEM WITH THE PANELS. SOON AFTER 
LAUNCH IT BECAME CLEAR THAT ONE WAS NOT FIRMLY LOCKED.

WHEN MGS CAME DOWN INTO HEAVIER THAN EXPECTED MARTIAN 
ATMOSPHERE, THE PANEL FLEXED. CATASTROPHE LOOMED.

TESTS AT LOCKHEED MARTIN DENVER, WHERE THE SPACECRAFT HAD 
BEEN BUILT, TRIED TO FIGURE OUT THE OPTIONS. 

HERE AT JPL, THE MISSION TEAM PUT CELEBRATIONS ON HOLD, WENT 
BACK TO THE DRAWING BOARDS, AND CAME UP WITH A MARVELLOUS 
FIX, REDESIGNING THE ENTIRE MISSION IN JUST A FEW WEEKS. 

NOW THE SPACECRAFT WILL TAKE LONGER TO AEROBRAKE, REDUCING 
PRESSURE ON THE SOLAR PANEL. 

BUT THERE'S A SCIENTIFIC BONUS. AS THE SPACECRAFT ORBITS, IT 
HAS ALREADY BEGUN TO TAKE SUSTAINED DATA EARLIER THAN 
ANTICIPATED… 

ON NOVEMBER 10TH THE FIRST RESULTS WERE MADE PUBLIC…

THE MARS ORBITER CAMERA HAS BEEN ABLE TO LOOK FAR MORE 
CLOSELY AT THE PLANET THAN PREVIOUS SPACECRAFT SUCH AS 
VIKING.

IN TITHONIUM CHASMA, CLOSE TO MARINER VALLEY, MARS' GRAND 
CANYON, THE CAMERA SHOWED US A CLIFF ABOUT 4,000 FEET HIGH

…WITH OVER 400 LAYERS OF BEDROCK… THE FIRST TIME WE'VE HAD 
EVIDENCE OF SUCH A GEOLOGICALLY INTERESTING PAST ON MARS…

AND CLOSE TO SCHIAPARELLI CRATER, CLOSE-UPS SHOW PLACES 
WHICH SCIENTISTS SAY >MAY< BE DRIED UP LAKE BEDS, WITH LIGHT, 
CRYSTALLINE BOTTOMS, AND CRACKS JUST LIKE LAKES ON EARTH…

THIS NEW ORBIT TAKES THE SPACECRAFT BENEATH THE IONOSPHERE, 
REVEALING INTERESTING MAGNETIC ANOMALIES…

ITS LASER ALTIMETER HAS REVEALED VOLCANIC PEAKS, AND HUGE 
FLAT PLAINS… WE'LL TAKE "MOLA" TO SCHOOL LATER!

AND TES, PHIL CHRISTENSEN'S INSTRUMENT, HAS REAPED AN EARLY 
HARVEST OF NEW DATA, WHICH WE'LL ALSO HEAR MORE OF LATER…

WHAT COULD HAVE BEEN DISASTER – AT LEAST FOR NOW – HAS BEGUN 
TO LOOK LIKE TRIUMPH…

5) GLENN Q&A #1 LIVE (03:00) 3 questions 

CAMILLE
WELL, GLENN, CALL YOU PROPHETIC, BACK AT CANAVERAL (CHANGE) 
LAST YEAR YOU SAID >AEROBRAKING< WOULD BE KEY TO THE 
MISSION… HOW IS YOUR NEW PLAN GOING TO AFFECT THE SCIENCE 
RESULTS?

GLENN replies

(SEIDEL brokers ASU kid question, meaning David does not SAY anything, but 
just makes sure it happens…)

ASU kid question

GLENN replies

DIRECT to VTR question/SUMMIT [Could any of your instruments tell what is 
under the surface of Mars? (Lauren)

GLENN replies

CAMILLE gives e-mail question address
graphic onair-lfm@quest.arc.nasa.gov

YOU DON’T HAVE TO BE IN ARIZONA TO ASK QUESTIONS OF GLENN, 
DONNA OR OUR OTHER GUESTS… DURING THIS HOUR, SEND E-MAIL TO:
Onair-lfm@quest.arc.nasa.gov

IF IT DOESN’T GET ANSWERED, YOU'LL FIND OUT HOW YOU CAN GET 
INDIVIDUAL RESPONSES VIA THE REGULAR Live From Mars SITE!

NOTE CHANGE IN ORDERING TO ALLOW DONNA TO APPEAR EARLY IN 
THE PROGRAM: MPF UPDATE HAS TO FOLLOW MGS UPDATE… MOVING 
TES AND PHIL DOWN, BUT NOT CHANGING THE CONTENT OF THE 
SEQUENCES!!!

WELL, AS WE SAID, PATHFINDER'S MISSION ON MARS IS REALLY PRETTY 
MUCH WRAPPED UP, THOUGH THERE'S A PLANET-LOAD OF DATA STILL 
TO ANALYZE. 

NO-ONE REALLY KNOWS IF PLUCKY PATHFINDER AND HER SIDEKICK, 
SOJOURNER, WILL BE HEARD FROM AGAIN… BUT THEY MORE THAN 
ACCOMPLISHED THEIR ASSIGNED MISSION. HERE'S AN OVERVIEW, AND 
THEN WE'LL HEAR FROM DONNA SHIRLEY… 

6) PATHFINDER UPDATE: CAMILLE VO VTR (03:00) <22:44>
Use MISSION UPDATE graphic

Camille voice over: VTR
PATHFINDER LASTED 3 TIMES ITS DESIGN LIFETIME OF 30 DAYS…

AND SOJOURNER MORE THAN >12 TIMES< ITS 7 DAY BASELINE MISSION. 

AS A TECHNOLOGY DEMONSTRATION THE PROJECT MET ALL ITS GOALS 
ON SOL 1, JULY 4TH… THE INNOVATIVE LANDING SYSTEM OF DIRECT 
ENTRY, PARACHUTE AND AIR BAGS WORKED PERFECTLY.

JUST AS IMPORTANTLY, THE YOUTHFUL, DEDICATED, ENTHUSIASTIC, 
HUMAN FLIGHT CREW WORKED PERFECTLY AS WELL. 

WHEN AN AIRBAG PROVED TO BE IMPROPERLY RETRACTED, MONTHS 
OF REHEARSAL LED TO AN ALMOST IMMEDIATE SOLUTION… AND SOON, 
DOWN ROLLED SOJOURNER, TO SET "6 WHEELS ON SOIL."

THIS WAS THE FIRST MISSION TO DELIVER A ROVING VEHICLE 
OUTFITTED WITH SCIENCE INSTRUMENTS TO THE SURFACE OF 
ANOTHER PLANET… AND A ROVER WITH SOME RUDIMENTARY 
ONBOARD SMARTS SUFFICIENT TO OPERATE SEMI-INDEPENDENTLY 
FROM EARTH.
 
BUT WHAT ABOUT THE SCIENCE RESULTS?

OVER 15 CHEMICAL ANALYSES WERE MADE WITH SOJOURNER'S ALPHA 
PROTON X-RAY SPECTROMETER, OR ROCK SNIFFER.

THEY FOUND THAT ROCKS LIKE BARNACLE BILL WERE UNLIKE THE 
MARTIAN METEORITES WHICH HAD FALLEN TO EARTH, AND SEEMED TO 
GIVE EVIDENCE THAT MARS HAD ENJOYED A MORE GEOLOGICALLY 
ACTIVE PAST THAN MANY EXPECTED.

PATHFINDER FOUND THAT THE MORNING SKY WAS OBSCURED WITH 
CLOUDS, NOT GROUND FOGS…

THE ROCKS AROUND THE ARES VALLIS LANDING SITE WERE SHAPED 
AND DISTRIBUTED IN WAYS CONSISTENT WITH THE REASON FOR 
CHOOSING IT IN THE FIRST PLACE… THAT IT WAS THE MOUTH OF AN 
ANCIENT FLOOD CHANNEL…

AND IN AN OCTOBER PRESS CONFERENCE, HANK MOORE, A SCIENTIST 
ON THE ROVER TEAM AND A VETERAN OF THE VIKING MISSIONS, 
PROVIDED SOME AMAZING SPECULATIONS ON JUST WHAT SOJOURNER 
HAD SHOWN US.

Henry Moore, sync:
Moore: "These conglomerates… Ares Vallis flood." 06:50

BUT WHILE MOORE SAW EVIDENCE OF WATER, WES WARD FROM THE 
U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY, AND ON THE IMAGING TEAM, SAW WIND… 
AND THE FIRST CLEAR PROOF OF SAND ON MARS. 

HE THOUGHT PATHFINDER AND SOJOURNER TOGETHER HAD FOUND 
VISUAL CLUES TO HELP SOLVE SOME ONGOING SCIENTIFIC 
PUZZLES/CONTROVERSIES.

Wes Ward, sync:
02:11:17 So here we have Sojourner, our field geologist… " just use a
little
of this 
to get him going and to ref. Sojourner.

17:43 The water's all gone… round discharged." 18:24

PROJECT SCIENTIST MATT GOLOMBEK PUT THE POSSIBLE EVIDENCE 
OF CONGLOMERATES AND SAND ALL TOGETHER TO CONCLUDE THAT 
PATHFINDER HAD SHED NEW LIGHT ON ONE OF THE MOST PROFOUND 
SCIENTIFIC QUESTIONS OF ALL TIME.
 
Golombek, sync:
41:26 "A conglomerate… (cut out ref to the sample at the press conf.)
rocks to 
round them (cut out the lithify ref. But little else.) stable over a long
period of 
time." 41:59

42:28 "Perhaps early Mars… why not." 42:43

7) DONNA Q&A #1 (04:00) <26:44>
(DAVID brokers 1 question from ASU kids)

ASU kid

DONNA replies

CAMILLE:
AND WE'VE GOT AN E-MAIL QUESTION JUST IN FROM…???

JPL kid reads the question

DONNA replies

Direct to CHARLESTON VTR question to DONNA, over "single" box still frame:
(Emily) I was wondering what is the single most important thing you've
learned 
from the past 2 missions, Pathfinder and MGS?

DONNA replies:

CAMILLE:
AND ONE LAST E-MAIL FOR NOW…

JPL kid reads…

DONNA replies…

CAMILLE:
DONNA… WE KNOW YOU'VE GOTTA FLY DOWN HERE ON EARTH, SO BYE 
FOR NOW… AND THANKS FOR BEING WITH US OVER THE PAST YOU.

WELL, YOU CAN FIND DONNA'S JOURNALS ONLINE… SO IT'S REALLY AU 
REVOIR, NOT BYE!!!

…AND THE INTERNET IS THE REASON PHIL CHRISTENSEN IS ABLE TO 
DO HIS SCIENCE OUT IN PHOENIX… OVER TO DAVID SEIDEL TO TELL US 
MORE

8) ASU #1: GRAPHIC & LIVE (00:45) 
!!!MUST REHEARSE THIS SEQUENCE DURING TEST TIME!!!
SEIDEL intros PHIL who is in the outside room and walks into the "computer 
room"
Start with >still frame< exterior establisher (we already have this on DVC
footage 
WHICH IS ALSO BUMPED UP)
PHIL explains link from ASU to MGS, and intros the graduate students and
kids 
who are with him

SEIDEL:
ONE OF THE THINGS THAT'S REVOLUTIONARY ABOUT MGS IS THE WAY 
IT USES THE INTERNET TO HAVE ITS KEY SCIENTISTS OPERATE THEIR 
INSTRUMENTS REMOTELY, NOT BEING BASED AT JPL PRETTY MUCH 
FULL TIME... OVER TO PHIL CHRISTENSEN TO TELL US MORE...

PHIL gives VERY brief intro…

SEIDEL: 
GREAT, PHIL, LET'S SEE HOW TES BEGAN…

9) PHIL INTROS "ASU MARS PROGRAM" (01:30) <09:29>

TES REALLY BEGAN 12 (CHECK) YEARS AGO... WHEN ITS PREDECESSOR 
FLEW ABOARD THE MARS OBSERVER SPACECRAFT WHICH WAS LOST IN 
1993 (CHECK)...

BUT THIS VERSION/INCARNATION OF TES WAS BORN IN A HUGHES 
AIRCRAFT/SPACE SYSTEMS (CHECK) LABORATORY OUT IN SANTA 
BARBARA... IN 1993 (CHECK)

THIS IS ME IN THE CLEAN ROOM BACK IN 1994/5 (CHECK) WORKING WITH 
SOME OF MY GRADUATE STUDENTS...

BUT IN ADDITION TO GRAD STUDENTS, OUR ARIZONA STATE MARS 
PROGRAM HAS TRIED TO INVOLVE EDUCATORS AND SECONDARY 
STUDENTS AS WELL, FROM THE VERY BEGINNING. WE TOOK SOME 
TEACHERS OUT WITH US TO UCSB TO SEE THE CONSTRUCTION...

A REAL HIGHPOINT IN OUR EDUCATION EFFORTS CAME WHEN WE 
ARRANGED A FIELD TRIP TO THE SCABLANDS OF WASHINGTON STATE, 
WHICH LOTS OF US THOUGHT WOULD RESEMBLE THE AREA AROUND 
THE PATHFINDER LANDING SITE, AND WHICH TES WOULD IMAGE FROM 
ORBIT.

HERE'S PATHFINDER PROJECT SCIENTIST MATT GOLOMBEK... AND 
DONNA SHIRLEY...

IN BETWEEN CLIMBING ON AND OFF BUSES... AND PLANES... AND 
HIKING... THERE WAS LOTS OF TIME FOR TEACHERS TO INTERACT 
DIRECTLY WITH NASA RESEARCHERS, WHICH FOR MANY OF THEM WAS 
THE VERY BEST PART OF THE EXPERIENCE.

BACK HOME IN ARIZONA, MY COLLEAGUE KEN EDGETT HAS RUN MANY 
SUCCESSFUL WORKSHOPS, FOR TEACHERS, STUDENTS AND 
PARENTS... GETTING MORE AND MORE PEOPLE INVOLVED OVER THE 
YEARS...

BUILDING A SCALE MODEL OF THE SOLAR SYSTEM...

GETTING PARENTS AND YOUNGSTERS TO BUILD EDIBLE MODELS OF 
THE SOJOURNER ROVER... THAT WORKED OUT REAL WELL!!!

AND GETTING TO KNOW THE PLACE PATHFINDER AND GLOBAL 
SURVEYOR WOULD SOON BE VISITING.

THIS WAS THE SCENE HERE AT ASU WHEN WE KNEW MGS WAS SAFELY 
THERE... WE CHEERED, OF COURSE, BUT THEN THE 16 HOUR DAYS 
BEGAN AS WE WORKED TO CALIBRATE THE INSTRUMENT...

SINCE THEN WE'VE BEEN ON CALL TO CHARACTERIZE THE 
ATMOSPHERE, BECAUSE TES CAN TELL ITS TEMPERATURE... WHICH IN 
TURN TELL THE MISSION TEAM HOW SAFE IT IS TO AEROBRAKE...

END OF THIS SECTION...

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