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This material was developed for the Live From Mars project by Passport to Knowledge. Live From Mars was a precursor to Mars Team Online.


Countdown program script - part 1 of 3


Here is the draft script of the television program. Some small
bits may change, but this should provide a fairly good preview for
those who are interested.  It is quite lengthy, and will be continued
in Parts 2 and 3.


Live From Mars "COUNTDOWN", version 2 
Annotated Outline/Script as of 11-13-96

LIVE SITES:
Kennedy Space Center/Cape Canaveral (aka KSC)
2 sites:
1) SAEF 2
(a) SAEF 2 (where Pathfinder sits on stage 3 of the rocket)
Inside and outside the clean room: CAMILLE MOODY as host: 1 
hand-held camera: 1 high remote on scaffolding
(b) outside the clean room (seen thru window/glass door): TONY 
SPEAR, Mars Pathfinder Project Manager
1 hand-held camera
2) close to Pad 17 (from where MGS and MPF launch)
WAYNE LEE (no host/ess)
1 tripod camera: NEED STAGE MANAGER TO CUE!

INSIDE RAIN COVER = Mission Director Center, with 
remote cameras trained on pad 17
NOTE: SUBJECT TO PERMISSIONS THIS AREA MAY REPLACE 
WAYNE AT PAD 17 COMPLETELY!

WORCESTER, MA (former home of Robert H. Goddard)
Sullivan Middle School (or TBD)
guest = MATT GOLOMBEK
host = NEIL TYSON (director, Hayden Planetarium, AMNH)


A. PRESENTER ANNOUNCE

graphics to come!
PASSPORT TO KNOWLEDGE 
AND...
THE AMERICAN MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY (IN NEW YORK 
CITY) PRESENT... 
Live From Mars


1.1	TEASE: Mars Global Surveyor countdown and launch 
(01:45)
VTR / 01:30 / CAMILLE v.o. and live as needed
NASA announcer on tape:
5...4...3...2...1.... the beginning of a new era of Mars 
Exploration

CAMILLE vo:
THIS WAS THE SCENE AT CAPE CANAVERAL, FLORIDA, ON 
NOVEMBER 7TH, 1996, AS NASA'S "MARS GLOBAL SURVEYOR" 
SPACECRAFT TOOK OFF ON A 9-MONTH JOURNEY TO THE RED 
PLANET... 

rocket disappears into clouds: animation of MPF in 
space,leaving Earth...
IN THIS FIRST "Live From Mars" PROGRAM YOU'LL FIND OUT 
HOW >YOU< CAN TRAVEL TO MARS, ALONG WITH NASA'S 
MISSIONS...

1.2	CAMILLE >voice over< scenes at SAEF 2
LIVE /
this uses ONLY the remote camera inside the room, NOT CM 
on camera until 1.5

YOU'LL GO BEHIND THE SCENES AT CAPE CANAVERAL, WHERE 
NO KIDS HAVE GONE BEFORE, AND MEET "MARS PATHFINDER", 
NASA'S SECOND SPACECRAFT, DUE TO LAUNCH IN EARLY 
DECEMBER...

TONY introduced, with Pathfinder and 3rd stage over his 
shoulder: he acknowledges CM's comments with a wave.

YOU'LL ALSO MEET PEOPLE LIKE TONY SPEAR, THE 
PATHFINDER PROJECT MANAGER, WHOSE JOB IS TO MAKE 
SURE EVERYTHING, AND I MEAN >EVERYTHING< IS "AOK"...

1.3	NEIL in Worcester, intro kids and MATT
LIVE /

NEIL (with super) intros Worcester students and MATT and 
VO intros WAYNE (who's at KSC on VTR)

super: NEIL TYSON, Director, Hayden Planetarium, NYC

NEIL to camera, surrounded by kids with MATT foreground:
UP HERE IN WORCESTER, MASSACHUSETTS -- A PLACE WHERE 
AMERICA'S SPACE PROGRAM BEGAN WITH A BOY WHO LOVED 
FIREWORKS -- THESE MIDDLE SCHOOLERS AND LOTS OF YOU 
OUT THERE WILL GET A CHANCE TO INTERACT WITH "MARS 
PATHFINDER" PROJECT SCIENTIST, MATT GOLOMBEK...

1.4	WAYNE @ Pad 17
VTR /

NEIL continues VO VTR pix from Cape: WAYNE waves on tape 
to acknowledge intro:

...AND BACK DOWN AT THE CAPE, "GLOBAL SURVEYOR" 
MISSION PLANNER WAYNE LEE WILL TELL US ALL ABOUT THE 
ROCKETS THAT WILL TAKE US TO MARS

1.5	CAMILLE THROWS TO OPEN...
LIVE / 
CAMILLE on camera beside TONY

super: CAMILLE MOODY U. Nevada, Las Vegas
CAMILLE to camera
WE'LL ALSO BE HEARING FROM PROJECT MANAGER DONNA 
SHIRLEY... AND TAKING QUESTIONS BY E-MAIL.

SO HERE WE GO WITH Live From Mars... PROGRAM 1, 
"COUNTDOWN"... 5...4...3...2....1

1.6 KIDS IN WORCESTER SHOUT US DOWN TO "LAUNCH"
LIVE/ 00:05
NEIL leads kids in live countdown

NEIL, MATT and students
5...4...3...2...1

B.	UNDERWRITER ANNOUNCE (00:15)
VTR / 00:15
Live From Mars IS MADE POSSIBLE BY THE 
NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION, 
NASA AND 
PBS TEACHER RESOURCE SERVICES


2.0	SHOW OPEN (02:05)
VTR / 00:20 SOT


3.0	CAMILLE AND KIDS APPROACH SAEF 2 (02:35)
VTR / 00:30 / CAMILLE v.o.
aerial overview, walking towards and into SAEF 2... lots of 
industrial pipes, warning signs, etc. "KEEP OUT!"

aerial:
PART OF TODAY'S PROGRAM IS COMING TO YOU FROM THIS 
VERY SECURE BUILDING DOWN HERE AT THE CAPE... IT'S 
CALLED SAEF 2, WHICH STANDS FOR... (TK: RICHARD 
DOWLING!)

CAMILLE and kids walk up: (pre-tape 11/18? 11/19?)
OUTSIDE, THERE ARE LOTS OF INDUSTRIAL STRENGTH PIPES, 
AND WARNINGS SIGNS...

we see the viewing windows, but also the doors and 
flashing lights:
INSIDE THERE'S ONE OF THE CLEANEST CLEAN ROOM IN THE 
WORLD... SO THIS IS AS FAR AS ANYONE GETS WITHOUT 
SPECIAL PRECAUTIONS... AND OUR STUDENTS ARE GONNA 
HAVE TO STOP HERE...


4.0	CAMILLE DONS PROTECTIVE GEAR (03:05)
VTR / 00:30 / CAMILLE v.o.
getting dressed in bunny boots, mask, air-shower, etc.

CAMILLE in the changing room
BUT WITH SPECIAL PERMISSION FROM NASA, I'M BEING 
ALLOWED TO TAKE YOU INSIDE THIS "E.R." FOR SPACECRAFT, 
ALONG WITH A LIVE CAMERA. 

she dresses
FIRST, I HAVE TO PUT ON THESE HOSPITAL-STYLE SCRUBS... 

we see and hear what happens as she puts on the mask
A FACE-MASK... DON'T WANT TO TAKE EARTH MICROBES TO 
MARS!

close-up of the vibrating floor mat
AND THEN IT'S A BUNNY-BOOT SCRUB...

CAMILLE shouts over the air shower noise, from behind the 
face mask
AN AIR SHOWER... AND WE'LL BE BACK WHEN I'M CLEAN 
ENOUGH TO GO INSIDE@!#!

MEANWHILE, SOME OF YOUR PEERS GOT TO SEE PARTS OF THE 
CAPE YOU CAN'T VISIT ON ANY REGULAR FIELD TRIP... OVER 
TO YOU, KIDS!


5.0	KID'S EYE TOUR OF KSC (06:05)
VTR / 03:00 / CAMILLE bridging v.o. as needed
from the classic shot of the VAB, the old Explorer 1 launch 
pad, the Shuttle flame pits, Pad 17 during the erection of 
the MPF Delta rocket, etc. Narrated v.o. and on camera by 
Michael Deane's students from McNair Magnet School

HI. I'M MORGAN CABLE AT CAPE CANAVERAL WITH SOME 
FLORIDIANS FROM THE MCNAIR SCHOOL. WE'RE GOING TO GIVE 
YOU A KIDS' EYE VIEW AND A SPECIAL TOUR OF THE CAPE.

RIGHT BEHIND US IS THE VEHICLE ASSEMBLY BUILDING.  IT 
WAS DESIGNED TO HOUSE THE HUGE SATURN ROCKETS THAT 
CARRIED THE APOLLO ASTRONAUTS TO THE MOON... NOW IT'S 
USED TO ASSEMBLE THE SPACE SHUTTLES

AFTER A SHUTTLE IS FLOWN IN FROM CALIFORNIA, IT'S 
ASSEMBLED OR REPAIRED IN THE VAB. THEN IT'S PUT ON A 
HUGE CRAWLER AND ROLLED OUT TO EITHER (PAD) 39A OR 
39B ON THE CRAWLER.  THIS CRAWLER GOES ONLY 5M.P.H. 
AND IT TAKES A WHOLE NIGHT JUST TO GET OUT TO THE 
LAUNCH PADS.

NOW WE'RE GOING TO PARTS OF THE CAPE YOU'VE PROBABLY 
NEVER SEEN BEFORE!

HERE WE ARE AT THE FLAME TRENCH AT LAUNCH COMPLEX 
39A... THIS IS THE PLACE WHERE ALL THE EXHAUST  FROM 
THE SHUTTLE BOOSTERS COMES OUT TOPPED OFF BY300,000 
GALLONS OF WATER.

THESE ARE THE PIPES THAT CARRY THE WATER THE 300,000 
GALLONS OF WATER AND MORGAN'S THERE TO SHOW YOU HOW 
BIG THEY ARE.

THESE TUBES BEHIND ME CARRY MILLIONS OF GALLONS OF 
WATER TO THE TRENCHES OVER HERE AND THE HEAT CREATED 
INTO STEAM IS FLUSHED OUT OF THE TRENCHES AND IT CAN 
GET UP TO 3 MILES AWAY FROM THE LAUNCH PAD.

ANOTHER REASON FOR PUMPING THE WATER INTO THE TRENCH 
IS WHAT IT SAYS  "SOUND SUPPRESSION SYSTEM"... THE 
LAUNCHING OF THE SHUTTLE CREATES ALOT OF SOUND 
(WHICH COULD SET UPVIBRATIONS WHICH MIGHT DAMAGE THE 
SHUTTLE.)

[SHUTTLE LAUNCH TRANSITION]

THIS IS A BURROUGHS COMPUTER USED TO LAUNCH JOHN 
GLENN INTO SPACE... 

[GLENN STOCK FOOTAGE]

...IN THE 1960'S. SEE HOW LONG THIS COMPUTER IS? THE 
AVERAGE LAPTOP (TODAY) HAS MORE POWER. 

[LAPTOP SHOT]

(KIDS AT THE AIR FORCE ROCKETRY MUSEUM)

WE'RE HERE AT THE BUNKER THAT WAS USED TO LAUNCH THE 
REDSTONE MISSILES WITH THE MONKEYS IN THEM. THIS 
REALLY REMINDS ME OF SOMETHING OUT OF AN OLD 50'S SCI 
FI MOVIE. THERE'S BUTTONS AND DIALS AND WHEELS 
EVERYWHERE. THERE'S "BJ" OVER AT THE FIRING CONSOLE.  

THE RED BUTTON!

READY... 3..2..1..IGNITION!

[REDSTONE LAUNCH]

THIS IS A REDSTONE ROCKET... IT SEEMS REALLY PUNY 
COMPARED TO THE DELTA ROCKETS GOING TO MARS... FROM 
THE REDSTONE WE'RE GOING OVER TO THE PADS WHERE THE 
PAYLOADS TO MARS ARE GOING TO BE LAUNCHED

IT'S A BIG TOWER... THIS IS MY FIRST TIME SEEING ONE OF 
THESE AND I THINK THAT THIS IS SO INCREDIBLE BECAUSE I 
DON'T THINK THAT I WILL EVER BE ABLE TO COME OUT HERE 
THIS CLOSE TO SEEING ONE OF THESE AGAIN.  

HEY THIS IS PRETTY EXCITING! RIGHT BEHIND ME AS YOU CAN 
SEE THEY ARE LOADING THE FIRST STAGE OF THE DELTA 
ROCKET ON LAUNCH PAD 17B

(HARDHAT MAN TALKING)
"THEY WILL ADD A SECOND STAGE TO THIS ONE ONCE IT IS 
UP."

(KIDS ASKS MAN) THAT'S THE BOTTOM ONE RIGHT THERE? 
YUP, RUNS ON OXYGEN AND KEROSENE. THEY'RE MEDIUM 
WEIGHT ROCKETS. THAT'S ASKING QUITE A LOT FOR 
CARRYING A PAYLOAD TO MARS."

YOU'RE PROBABLY WONDERING WHY WE'RE ALL WEARING HARD 
HATS, BUT ALL PERSONELL THIS CLOSE TO THE LAUNCH PAD 
HAVE TO WEAR THEM. IT'S FOR SAFETY REASONS

THIS LAUNCH PAD IS THE EXACT PLACE THAT THE 
(PATHFINDER) ROCKET WILL BE LAUNCHED FROM ON DECEMBER 
2

[DELTA LAUNCH FOOTAGE (STOCK) WITH MORGAN'S VO:]  

KSC IS SURROUNDED BY A WILDLIFE PRESERVE CALLED THE 
MERIT ISLAND WILDLIFE REFUGE. THE MIWR IS HOME TO MANY 
SPECIES OF BIRDS, PLANTS, AND ANIMALS THAT MIGHT BE 
THREATENED OR ENDANGERED. KSC WORKS REALLY HARD SO 
THEIR ACTIVITIES DO NOT DAMAGE THIS ENVIRONMENT.

WATER DOWN HERE IS FULL OF LIFE WHICH IS WHY FINDING 
WATER ON MARS CAN HOLD POSSIBILITIES OF LIFE ON MARS

(KIDS CLOSE)

WE'RE HERE AT THE CRAWLER THAT CARRIES THE SPACE 
SHUTTLE FROM THE VAB TO THE LAUNCH PAD. THIS CRAWLER 
WEIGHS 6 MILLION POUNDS, IN FACT, EACH ONE OF THESE 
CLEETS WEIGHS 1 TON. THAT ENDS OUR TOUR OF THE CAPE.  

FROM ALL THE KIDS FROM MCNAIR, SO LONG!


6.0	NEIL AND THE SNC METEORITE: WORCESTER (13:20)
LIVE / 00:45 
This is a piece of Mars... something like this... ALH 84001, 
but we don't know quite where it came from... so we have to 
go back... which is where MATT comes in...

NEIL:
SO IT TAKES A LOT OF EFFORT TO GET TO MARS... BUT 
SOMETIMES,  VERY RARELY, MARS COMES TO US!

ECU meteorite
THIS IS ONE OF THOSE INCREDIBLY RARE MARTIAN 
METEORITES YOU MAY HAVE BEEN READING ABOUT. THIS IS 
CALLED... (AMNH DATA TK...) AND COMES FROM OUR 
COLLECTION AT THE AMERICAN MUSEUM OF NATURAL 
HISTORY. IT WAS FOUND IN... IN THE YEAR...

WHAT SEEMS TO HAVE HAPPENED WITH THESE OBJECTS IS...

(gives condensed description of how the SNC meteorites 
got here)

THIS ONE DOES >NOT< HAVE ANY EVIDENCE OF POSSIBLE 
MARTIAN LIFE FORMS, WHICH IS WHY I'M ALLOWED TO HANDLE 
IT. IT'S ONE OF ONLY 12 (CHECK) MARTIAN METEORITES TO BE 
FOUND... 
 
UNFORTUNATELY WE DON'T KNOW EXACTLY WHERE ON MARS IT 
CAME FROM... WHICH IS WHY WE NEED TO SEND THESE 
UPCOMING MISSIONS TO MARS, RATHER THAN JUST WAITING 
HERE DOWN ON EARTH FOR MORE CHANCE DELIVERIES! 

BUT WHY ARE MATT AND HIS COLLEAGUES, AND MILLIONS OF 
PEOPLE ALL AROUND THE WORLD, ASTRONOMERS AND 
REGULAR FOLKS ALIKE, SO INTERESTED IN THE PLANET 
MARS?


7.0	WHY MARS? (12:35)
VTR / 03:30 / NEIL v.o.
the lure and lore of Mars... early telescope views... Lowell 
and Mars mania... Mariner, Viking results... volcanoes, 
valleys, channels... the question of water and of life (past, 
present, future?)

MARS, THE RED PLANET, IS EARTH'S NEIGHBOR, THE NEXT 
PLANET OUT FROM THE SUN. NAMED FOR THE ROMAN GOD OF 
WAR, MARS RESEMBLES EARTH IN MANY WAYS. 

IT HAS DESERTS... SAND DUNES... POLAR CAPS... CANYONS... 
EXTINCT VOLCANOES...  EVEN  SIGNS OF ANCIENT RIVER 
CHANNELS, LAKES AND FLOODS, ALMOST CERTAINLY 
CAUSED BY LIQUID WATER!

MARS IS HALF THE DIAMETER OF EARTH... BUT IF YOU 
IGNORE EARTH'S OCEANS, EARTH AND MARS HAVE JUST 
ABOUT THE SAME SURFACE AREA.

MARS, HOWEVER, IS FAR COLDER, AND HAS A  VERY THIN 
ATMOSPHERE... LESS THAN 1 PERCENT OF EARTH'S AT SEA 
LEVEL....

FOR MORE THAN 300 YEARS EVEN OUR BEST TELESCOPES 
COULD SEE ONLY BLURRY, SHIMMERING IMAGES, DISTORTED 
BY EARTH'S OWN ATMOSPHERE...

STILL, OBSERVERS COULD NOTE THE ANNUAL GROWTH AND 
RETREAT OF THE POLAR CAPS, AND AS EARLY AS 1700 
HAD TIMED ITS ROTATION RATE FROM (THE MOTION OF) 
LARGE SURFACE FEATURES, AND DETERMINED THE MARTIAN 
DAY WAS ABOUT 40 MINUTES LONGER THAN OUR OWN.

IN 1877, THE ASTRONOMER GIOVANNI SCHIAPARELLI 
PUBLISHED A MAP OF MARS SHOWING LARGE STRAIGHT 
FEATURES HE CALLED "CANALI", ITALIAN FOR "CHANNELS". 
CONVINCED THESE WERE ARTIFICIAL, THE AMERICAN 
ASTRONOMER, PERCIVAL LOWELL, WROTE ABOUT MARS AS 
"THE ABODE OF  LIFE," A DESERT PLANET INHABITED  BY 
INTELLIGENT BEINGS, ENGAGED IN A HEROIC STRUGGLE TO 
KEEP CIVILIZATION ALIVE BY PLANET-WIDE ENGINEERING! 

NOT EVERYONE AGREED....  BUT THE POSSIBILITY OF LIFE 
ON MARS WAS WELL ESTABLISHED BEFORE THE BEGINNING 
OF THE SPACE AGE.

IN THE LATE '60S, U.S. MARINER SPACE PROBES RETURNED 
THE FIRST CLOSE-UP IMAGES OF MARS.

THERE WERE NO "CANALS", BUT THERE WERE SPECTACULAR 
SURFACE FEATURES LIKE VALLES MARINERIS, ("VAL-LAYS 
MARIN-AIR-RIS") A GIGANTIC CANYON THAT WOULD 
STRETCH FROM NEW YORK TO LOS ANGELES.

OUR BEST INFORMATION ABOUT MARS COMES FROM THE 
TWO VIKING SPACECRAFT LAUNCHED IN 1975. EACH 
CONSISTED OF AN ORBITER AND A LANDER.

VIKING ONE TOUCHED DOWN ON JULY 20, 1976, IN THE 
REGION KNOWN AS CHRYSE PLANITIA... ("CRY-SAY PLAN-
ISHIA") THE "PLAINS OF GOLD". VIKING RETURNED THE 
FIRST PICTURES FROM THE SURFACE OF MARS... AND 
TESTED SOIL SAMPLES FOR SIGNS OF BIOLOGICAL 
ACTIVITY... WITH NEGATIVE, BUT PUZZLING, RESULTS 
THAT ARE STILL BEING DEBATED TODAY.

THE VIKING PROBES CONTINUED SENDING DATA FOR 6 
YEARS, BOTH FROM ORBIT AND THE SURFACE, REVEALING 
TANTALIZING EVIDENCE OF CLOUDS AND FROSTS AND 
WATER, HINTS OF A TIME WHEN MARS WAS WARMER AND 
WETTER. THE ORBITERS PHOTOGRAPHED SIGNS OF ANCIENT 
FLOODS AND WHAT LOOKED LIKE RIVER BEDS, WHILE THE 
LANDERS SENT DAILY WEATHER REPORTS OF 
TEMPERATURE, WIND SPEED AND AIR PRESSURE.

THIS NASA COMPUTER SIMULATION SHOWS WHAT IT MIGHT 
BE LIKE TO FLY ACROSS THE SURFACE OF MARS... 

DOWN INTO ITS CANYONS...

AND UP ACROSS THE THARSIS BULGE TO A CHAIN OF FOUR 
GIGANTIC SHIELD VOLCANOES. 

ONE OF THESE, OLYMPUS MONS, IS THE LARGEST VOLCANO 
IN THE SOLAR SYSTEM, HIGHER THAN MT . EVEREST, BIG 
ENOUGH TO COVER THE STATE OF KANSAS!

SCIENTISTS BELIEVE MARS IS A PLANET UNDERGOING 
GREAT CLIMACTIC CHANGE. IF WE CAN UNDERSTAND 
WHAT'S HAPPENING ON MARS WE MAY HAVE A BETTER 
CHANCE OF UNDERSTANDING IMPORTANT EFFECTS IN OUR 
OWN CLIMATE AND ENVIRONMENT HERE ON EARTH. 

WE NEED MORE ACCURATE MAPS PROVIDING DETAILED 
INFORMATION ABOUT MARTIAN TOPOGRAPHY.

WE WANT TO KNOW MORE ABOUT THE COMPOSITION OF THE 
MARTIAN SOIL AND ROCKS. WHAT THREW MARS INTO THE 
GRIP OF AN ICE AGE? IF THERE WERE ONCE LAKES AND 
FLOWING RIVERS, WHERE'S ALL THAT WATER NOW? LOCKED 
IN PERMAFROST? BURIED BENEATH THE POLAR CAPS?

AND IF THERE WAS ONCE WATER, MIGHT THERE HAVE BEEN 
LIFE? IF THERE'S NO EVIDENCE OF LIFE ON MARS NOW, 
MIGHT THERE BE FOSSIL EVIDENCE OF EXTINCT LIFEFORMS? 

MISSIONS LIKE PATHFINDER AND MARS GLOBAL SURVEYOR 
SHOULD HELP US FIND ANSWERS TO SOME OF THESE 
QUESTIONS AND IN THOSE ANSWERS MAY LIE A BETTER 
UNDERSTANDING OF OUR HOME PLANET, EARTH.


(to be continued in Part 2)

credits
 
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