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LFM banner
Special edition for the first television program

PART 1: Script of television program (second third)


SCRIPT OF TELEVISION PROGRAM (SECOND THIRD)

Here is the draft script of the television program.
It is continued from LFM #10a.

8.0     CAMILLE LIVE IN CLEAN ROOM: CM INTERACTION WITH
TONY SPEAR (09:05)
LIVE / 03:00
CAMILLE (face behind mask) gives live guided tour of the
clean room... 10 times cleaner than Viking... positive air
flow... spacecraft "ER"... and asks TONY (who's outside)
"what's this... that... " and he directs her around

The live camera hovers with her, and pans away to see
what she is speaking about... there is a high, overhead shot
from the remotely-controlled camera looking down onthe
spacecraft:
CAMILLE:
WELL, NOW HERE I AM IN THE CLEAN ROOM... DOWN THERE,
THERE'S A WALL OF AIR HOLES, BLOWING ANY PARTICLES
WHICH GET IN HERE RIGHT PAST ME AND AWAY FROM THE
PATHFINDER, WHICH IS SITTING UP THERE ON ITS 3RD STAGE
ROCKET...

WE CAN GET A BETTER VIEW FROM THAT HIGH CAMERA RIGHT
UP THERE...

cut to overhead camera: dissolve to still frames of during
construction shots:
PATHFINDER IS REALLY TWO SPACECRAFT... A LANDER AND A
MINI-ROVER, ABOUT THE SIZE OF A MICROWAVE OVEN/LASER
PRINTER!

NOW IT'S INSIDE ITS PROTECTIVE AEROSHELL... BUT JUST A
FEW WEEKS BACK, THIS IS WHAT IT LOOKED LIKE AS
TECHNICIANS WERE PUTTING IT THROUGH FINAL TESTS...

TONY, GIVE ME A GUIDED TOUR OF WHAT'S GOING ON IN HERE
RIGHT NOW, AND WE'LL TAKE OUR CAMERA ALONG TO SHOW
EVERYONE WHAT YOU'RE TALKING ABOUT...

TONY
tells us what is going on, and directs CAMILLE around the
room. As he and she interact, the live camera shows us
what she is seeing...

TONY:
OVER THERE IS THE...

CAMILLE, TO YOUR LEFT...

CAMILLE, with some concern!:
TONY, WHY DOES THIS SAY, "WARNING: EXPLOSIVES LOADED!?!

TONY:
THE PYROTECHNICS ARE DESIGNED TO...

CAMILLE:
WOW, THIS IS REALLY AN AMAZING EXPERIENCE...

NOW WHILE I COME OUT TO WHERE TONY IS, AND GET OUT OF
ALL THIS GEAR, Y'ALL CAN SEND US E-MAIL QUESTIONS FOR
TONY, MATT, AND WAYNE...

SUPER: as below!
SEND YOUR QUESTIONS TO:
onair-lfm@quest.arc.nasa.gov

AND WE'LL GET TO AS MANY OF THEM AS WE CAN!

OVER TO YOU, NEIL AND MATT...

9.0     MATT RESPONDS TO FIRST SCIENCE QUESTIONS:
WORCESTER (19:20)
LIVE & VTR / 06:00
LIVE Q&A Worcester
LIVE Q&A from kids at KSC
LIVE e-mail questions relayed by kids at KSC
VTR pre-taped VIDEO questions

NEIL:
WE'LL BE LOOKING IN MORE DETAIL AT THE SPACECRAFT AND
THEIR MISSIONS LATER, BUT WE WANTED TO START OFF BY
ASKING MATT, AS THE PROJECT SCIENTIST, SOME QUESTIONS
ABOUT MARS...

FIRST, STUDENT #1 HERE IN WORCESTER...

STUDENT #1 question:
HI, I'M... AND WHAT... WHY...?

super: MATT GOLOMBEK Mars Pathfinder Project Scientist
MATT:
short, snappy answers... so we can get in a fair number of
questions and interactions...

STUDENT #2 question:
HI, I'M... AND WHAT... WHY... ?

MATT:
answers...

NEIL:
NOW WE'VE GOT A QUESTION FROM THE CAPE

McNAIR STUDENTS in Mission Director's Area
KSC STUDENT #1
question...

MATT answers:

NEIL:
NOW ONE OF THE QUESTIONS THAT CAME IN BY E-MAIL...

KSC STUDENT #2
asks the e-mail question, giving the name of the
respondent

MATT answers:

NEIL:
AND WE'VE RECEIVED SOME QUESTIONS ON TAPE: THIS IS
FROM CANADA!

VTR STUDENT #1

MATT answers:

NEIL:
WELL, YOU MAY STILL BE WONDERING JUST WHY WE'RE UP
HERE IN MASSACHUSSETTS, TALKING ABOUT MARS. MATT
THINKS IT'S BECAUSE HE'S A GRADUATE OF U. MASS., JUST
(CHECK) MILES FROM HERE, BUT NICOLE LUPARELLI HAS THE
REAL ANSWER!


10.0    ROBERT H. GODDARD (21:50)
VTR / 02:30
A kid's eye tour of Worcester and how RHG advanced
rocketry:

Student Host (Nicole Luparelli) on porch of RG house
holding a 4th July-type rocket

HI! I'M AT THE ROBERT GODDARD HOUSE IN WORCESTER..
WHILE YOU GUYS DOWN AT THE CAPE ARE AROUND ALL THOSE
HUGE ROCKETS, I WANT TO TELL YOU A STORY THAT STARTED
WITH A BOY...
NEW ENGLAND FOURTH OF JULY CELEBRATIONS... AND
ROCKETS LIKE THIS.

YOU KNOW, THIS IS WHAT ROCKETS LOOKED LIKE 100 YEARS
AGO.

ROBERT GODDARD WHO LIVED RIGHT HERE IS RESPONSIBLE
FOR MOST OF THE STEPS IN-BETWEEN THESE ROCKETS AND
THOSE AT CAPE CANAVERAL."

South High School exterior.
THE FOURTH OF JULY FIREWORKS THAT GODDARD LOVED AS A
KID SPARKED A REAL INTEREST IN ROCKETRY. AND ABOUT
THE TIME HE WAS IN SCHOOL HERE, AT OLD SOUTH
HIGH...WHERE I'M A SENIOR... GODDARD READ A SCIENCE
FICTION BOOK THAT REALLY HELPED TURN HIS INTEREST IN
ROCKETS INTO A LIFE LONG QUEST:
IT WAS CALLED "THE WAR OF THE WORLDS"

Clark University Physics building

GODDARD WENT TO COLLEGE AT WORCESTER POLYTECHNICAL
INSTITUTE, AND, HERE, AT CLARK UNIVERSITY WHERE HE
BEGAN TEACHING, AND CONTINUED HIS STUDY OF ROCKETS.

WHEN THE AMERICA ENTERED WORLD WAR I IN1917,
GODDARD'S RESEARCH LED HIM TO DESIGN A SOLID FUEL
ROCKET FOR THE U.S. ARMY... SHOT THROUGH A TUBE...
CALLED "THE BAZOOKA"

GODDARD CALCULATED THAT TO GET A SMALL SOLID FUEL
ROCKET... LIKE THE BAZOOKA...UP INTO SPACE, THE AMOUNT
OF GUNPOWDER NEEDED WOULD REQUIRE A ROCKET BIGGER
THAN THE EARTH ITSELF!

SO GODDARD STARTED SEARCHING FOR LIGHT-WEIGHT FUELS
THAT PACKED A MORE POWERFUL PUNCH. AND THAT DROVE
HIM TO EXPERIMENT WITH THE USE OF LIQUID FUELS...

AND OFF WE GO TO AUNT EFFIE'S FARM.

GODDARD THOUGHT HE COULD EXPERIMENT WITH ROCKETS
HERE...UNTIL THE LOCAL POLICE AND FIRE DEPARTMENTS
WERE CALLED WHEN NEIGHBORS THOUGHT THEY SAW AN
AIRPLANE EXPLODE.
WHAT THEY ACTUALLY SAW WAS THE FIERY TRAIL FROM ONE
OF GODDARD'S ROCKETS STREAKING ACROSS THE FARM... BUT
I'M GETTING AHEAD OF MYSELF.

AUNT EFFIE'S FARM IS NOW A GOLF COURSE... AND HERE'S THE
SITE WHERE GODDARD SET OFF THE WORLD'S FIRST LIQUID
FUEL ROCKET. THAT ROCKET WENT UP ONLY 41 FEET. BUT IT
CONVINCED GODDARD THAT HE WAS ON TO SOMETHING. AND
EVEN THOUGH IT HAS SEEN SOME CHANGES SINCE 1926,
THERE ARE STILL A LOT OF MISSILES BEING LAUNCHED ON OL'
AUNT EFFIE'S FARM.

NOW GODDARD CONTINUED BUILDING BIGGER AND BETTER
ROCKETS AND EXPERIMENTING ON HOW TO LAUNCH ROCKETS
INTO OUTER SPACE.

Footage of Saturn rocket (or similar taking off from pad).
Adding paint box overlay (grease pencil) when each point is
made.

ROBERT GODDARD NEVER LIVED TO SEE ONE OF THESE
MONSTERS TAKE OFF.  BUT LET'S STOP THE LAUNCH RIGHT
HERE AND SEE HOW MANY MAJOR PARTS OF THIS ROCKET
GODDARD WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR DEVELOPING:
        LIQUID FUEL
        STABILIZER FINS
        MULTIPLE STAGES TO LIGHTEN THE LOAD, AND A
        GYROSCOPE FOR STEERING

Back on Goddard's porch with rocket

SO, YOU SEE, ROBERT GODDARD HELPED US GET FROM FOURTH
OF JULY FIREWORKS TO ROCKETS DESTINED FOR MARS AND
THAT'S WHY THE KID FROM WORCESTER GREW TO BE CALLED
"THE FATHER OF MODERN ROCKETRY".

I'M NICCOLE LUPARELLI, SITTIN' ON ROBERT GODDARD'S
FRONT PORCH... BACK TO YOU!

Alternate close:

I'M NICCOLE LUPARELLI, SITTIN' ON ROBERT GODDARD'S
FRONT PORCH IN MASSACHUSETTS...THROWING TO MARS
MISSION PLANNER, WAYNE LEE, AT THE CAPE.

11.0    WAYNE AT PAD 17 (22:50)
VTR / 01:00

WAYNE LEE: SUGGESTED copy (Wayne: please iterate with us
to get the most memorable material you'd like to say.)
intercut "pad" cameras showing details of the work
BEHIND ME IS PAD 17B AND THE ROCKET THAT SHOULD
LAUNCH MARS PATHFINDER ON ITS WAY ON OR ABOUT
DECEMBER 2ND AT THIS VERY MOMENT AIR FORCE AND
MACDONNEL DOUGLAS TECHNICIANS ARE DOING SOME PRETTY
CRITICAL FUEL-LOADING WHICH IS WHY THIS IS AS CLOSE AS
WE'RE ALLOWED TO GET.

THE DELTA IS DESIGNED TO... IT'S X TIMES SMALLER THAN
THE APOLLO SATURN V... MGS TOOK OFF ON NOVEMBER 7, ONE
DAY LATE BECAUSE OF BAD WEATHER... AND AS OF TODAY,
NOVEMBER 19, "MY" SPACECRAFT IS Y MILES FROM EARTH...
COURSE CORRECTIONS... LATE-BREAKING MISSION UPDATE...
NOW I'M OFF TO THE MISSION DIRECTOR'S AREA, FROM WHERE
I'LL BE HAPPY TO ANSWER QUESTIONS ABOUT ROCKETRY AND
HOW WE GET SPACECRAFT TO MARS... HERE'S HOW OUR
MISSIONS BEGAN...

12.0    GETTING TO MARS (24:50)
VTR / 03:00 / NEIL v.o.
graphics and animation from the MPF and MGS mission
films: the specifics of "our" missions...

LIKE ALL SPACECRAFT, THE 1996 MISSIONS BEGAN AS
DESIGN CONCEPTS -- BOTH ORIGINATING AT NASA'S JET
PROPULSION LABORATORY.

ONE SPACECRAFT WILL CARRY MANY INSTRUMENTS
ORIGINALLY DESIGNED FOR MARS OBSERVER, A MISSION
WHICH FELL MYSTERIOUSLY SILENT IN 1993, AS IT
APPROACHED THE RED PLANET.

MARS GLOBAL SURVEYOR IS DESIGNED FOR TWO YEAR'S OF
HIGH-RESOLUTION DETAILED MAPPING AND ANALYSIS OF
THE SURFACE.

MARS PATHFINDER IS AN EXPERIMENTAL "DISCOVERY"-
CLASS MISSION -- SMALLER, CHEAPER, FASTER FROM
DESIGN THROUGH LAUNCH, COSTING ONE HUNDRED AND
FIFTY MILLION DOLLARS, THE PRICE OF A COUPLE OF
MODEST SCIENCE FICTION MOVIES -- AND INTENDED TO
PROTOTYPE INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES FOR SOFT-
LANDING AND OPERATING SIMPLE PLANETARY ROVERS.

COMPUTER SIMULATIONS AND FIELD TESTS HELPED VERIFY
PATHFINDER'S NOVEL ENTRY, DESCENT AND LANDING
STRATEGIES DURING PARACHUTE TRIALS.

THERE WERE TESTS OF RETRO-ROCKETS...

AND OF THE AIRBAGS WHICH -- FOR THE FIRST TIME ON AN
AMERICAN MISSION -- WERE TO CUSHION THE FINAL
LANDING.

LOCKHEED-MARTIN, IN DENVER, COLORADO, BUILT GLOBAL
SURVEYOR... AND THE HEATSHIELD THAT WILL PROTECT
PATHFINDER DURING ITS INITIAL PLUNGE THROUGH THE
MARTIAN ATMOSPHERE.

THE PATHFINDER LANDER AND ROVER WERE CONSTRUCTED
AND TESTED AT JPL IN CALIFORNIA...

MEANWHILE COMPONENTS OF THE DELTA 2 LAUNCH
VEHICLES WERE BUILT IN COLORADO BY MCDONNELL
DOUGLAS.

BOTH ROCKETS WERE BROUGHT TO AIR FORCE LAUNCH
COMPLEX 17 AT CAPE CANAVERAL AIR STATION FOR
ASSEMBLY... AND INTEGRATION WITH THE PAYLOADS.

SONY footage we shot, plus the final "petal close" as on
NTV

AT THE CAPE, THERE WERE MANY LAST MINUTE TESTS AND
CHECKS AS THE VARIOUS PARTS WERE PUT TOGETHER FOR
THE FIRST TIME. GRADUALLY PATHFINDER AND ITS
SOJOURNER ROVER WERE ASSEMBLED INTO THEIR FINAL
LAUNCH CONFIGURATION...

ALTHOUGH THE DELTA LAUNCHERS WHICH START THEM ON
THEIR JOURNEY ARE VIRTUALLY IDENTICAL, EACH
SPACECRAFT ARRIVES AT MARS VERY DIFFERENTLY.

PATHFINDER'S HEAT SHIELD AND PARACHUTE FIRST SLOW
THE SPACECRAFT FROM 17,000 MILES PER HOUR TO LESS
THAN 200 M.P.H.

THEN RETRO-ROCKETS SLOW THE CRAFT STILL MORE... AND
FINALLY THE NOVEL AIRBAG SYSTEM ABSORBS THE IMPACT
AS IT BOUNCES -- AT FIRST AS HIGH AS A 10-STORY
BUILDING! -- TO A BUMPY HALT ON THE SURFACE OF MARS.

THE GLOBAL SURVEYOR ORBITER IS HEAVIER AND MUST
USE ALL THE EXTRA ROCKET FUEL IT CAN CARRY JUST TO
SLOW DOWN ENOUGH TO BE "CAPTURED" IN A LONG LOOPING
ORBIT AROUND MARS. THE WEIGHT OF THE EXTRA FUEL IS
MORE THAN 4 TIMES THE WEIGHT OF THE SCIENCE
PAYLOAD!

TO ATTAIN THE FINAL LOW ORBIT NEEDED FOR PRECISION
MAPPING, GLOBAL SURVEYOR WILL BE THE FIRST
OPERATIONAL SPACECRAFT TO USE "AEROBRAKING", USING
ITS SOLAR PANELS TO SKIM LIKE A BADMINTON
SHUTTLECOCK THROUGH THE UPPER FRINGES OF THE
MARTIAN ATMOSPHERE SEVERAL TIMES A DAY FOR SIX
MONTHS. MARS GLOBAL SURVEYOR, SLOWS A LITTLE EACH
TIME, CAREFULLY LOWERING ITS ORBIT UNTIL THE DESIRED
CIRCULAR TRACK IS FINALLY OBTAINED IN MARCH 1998.

BY THEN, PATHFINDER'S SOJOURNER ROVER SHOULD
ALREADY HAVE COMPLETED ITS 7-DAY BASELINE MISSION,
SNIFFING ROCKS, TESTING THE SOIL, DEMONSTRATING
REMOTELY-CONTROLLED OPERATIONS ON THE SURFACE OF
MARS.

WITH ANY LUCK THE LANDER ITSELF WILL CONTINUE ITS
"EXTENDED MISSION" THROUGH AUGUST 1998 AND SO
PROVIDE "GROUND TRUTH" TO COMPARE WITH THE
OBSERVATIONS MARS GLOBAL SURVEYOR WILL BE MAKING
FROM ORBIT.

To be continued in LFM #10c



      

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