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UPDATE # 10a - November 17, 1996 Special edition for the first television program

PART 1: Live NASA TV coverage in jeopardy
PART 2: Internet services relating to the television program
PART 3: Script of television program (first third)


LIVE NASA TV COVERAGE IN JEOPARDY

As of Sunday, November 17, NASA plans called for a Space Shuttle
launch on November 19 within one hour of the live LFM broadcast.
If this schedule holds, it is likely that some or all of the live
NASA-TV coverage of LFM will be preempted. In that case, revert to
PBS distribution as a backup, tape delay on NASA-TV (times to be
announced), or videotape sale (available around December 1).


INTERNET SERVICES RELATING TO THE TELEVISION PROGRAM

During the live television program, student questions will be
accepted via email. A select few questions will be read live on TV.
To put your questions into play, send them to this address:
onair-lfm@quest.arc.nasa.gov

We will begin accepting questions the day of the broadcast only.
We will stop accepting questions 10 minutes before the end of the
program (1:50 PM Eastern).  Any questions sent outside of these
times will be ignored.

As discussed in the previous updates-lfm message (LFM #9),
the following Internet services will accompany the television program:
- Sound from the broadcast via Real Audio.
- Sound and pictures from the broadcast via CU-SeeMe.
- Sound and pictures from the broadcast via MBONE.
- A Web page that updates once per minute with a snapshot of
  what's on TV at that moment.

If the NASA-TV programming is preempted, these services most
likely will not be available, since they presently rely on NASA-TV.
For the latest details about these services, visit:
http://quest.arc.nasa.gov/mars/video/online11-19.html

      
      
SCRIPT OF TELEVISION PROGRAM (FIRST THIRD)

Here is the draft script of the television program. Some small
bits may change, but this should provide a fairly good preview for
those who are interested.  It is quite lengthy, and will be continued
in LFM #10b and LFM #10c.

Live From Mars "COUNTDOWN", version 2
Annotated Outline/Script as of 11-13-96

LIVE SITES:
Kennedy Space Center/Cape Canaveral (aka KSC)
2 sites:
1) SAEF 2
(a) SAEF 2 (where Pathfinder sits on stage 3 of the rocket)
Inside and outside the clean room: CAMILLE MOODY as host: 1
hand-held camera: 1 high remote on scaffolding
(b) outside the clean room (seen thru window/glass door): TONY
SPEAR, Mars Pathfinder Project Manager
1 hand-held camera
2) close to Pad 17 (from where MGS and MPF launch)
WAYNE LEE (no host/ess)
1 tripod camera: NEED STAGE MANAGER TO CUE!

INSIDE RAIN COVER = Mission Director Center, with
remote cameras trained on pad 17
NOTE: SUBJECT TO PERMISSIONS THIS AREA MAY REPLACE
WAYNE AT PAD 17 COMPLETELY!

WORCESTER, MA (former home of Robert H. Goddard)
Sullivan Middle School (or TBD)
guest = MATT GOLOMBEK
host = NEIL TYSON (director, Hayden Planetarium, AMNH)

************************************************
***************
A. PRESENTER ANNOUNCE

graphics to come!
PASSPORT TO KNOWLEDGE
AND...
THE AMERICAN MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY (IN NEW YORK
CITY) PRESENT...
Live From Mars

1.1     TEASE: Mars Global Surveyor countdown and launch
(01:45)
VTR / 01:30 / CAMILLE v.o. and live as needed
NASA announcer on tape:
5...4...3...2...1.... the beginning of a new era of Mars
Exploration

CAMILLE vo:
THIS WAS THE SCENE AT CAPE CANAVERAL, FLORIDA, ON
NOVEMBER 7TH, 1996, AS NASA'S "MARS GLOBAL SURVEYOR"
SPACECRAFT TOOK OFF ON A 9-MONTH JOURNEY TO THE RED
PLANET...

rocket disappears into clouds: animation of MPF in
space,leaving Earth...
IN THIS FIRST "Live From Mars" PROGRAM YOU'LL FIND OUT
HOW >YOU< CAN TRAVEL TO MARS, ALONG WITH NASA'S
MISSIONS...

1.2     CAMILLE >voice over< scenes at SAEF 2
LIVE /
this uses ONLY the remote camera inside the room, NOT CM
on camera until 1.5

YOU'LL GO BEHIND THE SCENES AT CAPE CANAVERAL, WHERE
NO KIDS HAVE GONE BEFORE, AND MEET "MARS PATHFINDER",
NASA'S SECOND SPACECRAFT, DUE TO LAUNCH IN EARLY
DECEMBER...

TONY introduced, with Pathfinder and 3rd stage over his
shoulder: he acknowledges CM's comments with a wave.

YOU'LL ALSO MEET PEOPLE LIKE TONY SPEAR, THE
PATHFINDER PROJECT MANAGER, WHOSE JOB IS TO MAKE
SURE EVERYTHING, AND I MEAN >EVERYTHING< IS "AOK"...

1.3     NEIL in Worcester, intro kids and MATT
LIVE /

NEIL (with super) intros Worcester students and MATT and
VO intros WAYNE (who's at KSC on VTR)

super: NEIL TYSON, Director, Hayden Planetarium, NYC

NEIL to camera, surrounded by kids with MATT foreground:
UP HERE IN WORCESTER, MASSACHUSETTS -- A PLACE WHERE
AMERICA'S SPACE PROGRAM BEGAN WITH A BOY WHO LOVED
FIREWORKS -- THESE MIDDLE SCHOOLERS AND LOTS OF YOU
OUT THERE WILL GET A CHANCE TO INTERACT WITH "MARS
PATHFINDER" PROJECT SCIENTIST, MATT GOLOMBEK...

1.4     WAYNE @ Pad 17
VTR /

NEIL continues VO VTR pix from Cape: WAYNE waves on tape
to acknowledge intro:

...AND BACK DOWN AT THE CAPE, "GLOBAL SURVEYOR"
MISSION PLANNER WAYNE LEE WILL TELL US ALL ABOUT THE
ROCKETS THAT WILL TAKE US TO MARS

1.5     CAMILLE THROWS TO OPEN...
LIVE /
CAMILLE on camera beside TONY

super: CAMILLE MOODY U. Nevada, Las Vegas
CAMILLE to camera
WE'LL ALSO BE HEARING FROM PROJECT MANAGER DONNA
SHIRLEY... AND TAKING QUESTIONS BY E-MAIL.

SO HERE WE GO WITH Live From Mars... PROGRAM 1,
"COUNTDOWN"... 5...4...3...2....1

1.6 KIDS IN WORCESTER SHOUT US DOWN TO "LAUNCH"
LIVE/ 00:05
NEIL leads kids in live countdown

NEIL, MATT and students
5...4...3...2...1

B.      UNDERWRITER ANNOUNCE (00:15)
VTR / 00:15
Live From Mars IS MADE POSSIBLE BY THE
NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION,
NASA AND
PBS TEACHER RESOURCE SERVICES

2.0     SHOW OPEN (02:05)
VTR / 00:20 SOT

3.0     CAMILLE AND KIDS APPROACH SAEF 2 (02:35)
VTR / 00:30 / CAMILLE v.o.
aerial overview, walking towards and into SAEF 2... lots of
industrial pipes, warning signs, etc. "KEEP OUT!"

aerial:
PART OF TODAY'S PROGRAM IS COMING TO YOU FROM THIS
VERY SECURE BUILDING DOWN HERE AT THE CAPE... IT'S
CALLED SAEF 2, WHICH STANDS FOR... (TK: RICHARD
DOWLING!)

CAMILLE and kids walk up: (pre-tape 11/18? 11/19?)
OUTSIDE, THERE ARE LOTS OF INDUSTRIAL STRENGTH PIPES,
AND WARNINGS SIGNS...

we see the viewing windows, but also the doors and
flashing lights:
INSIDE THERE'S ONE OF THE CLEANEST CLEAN ROOM IN THE
WORLD... SO THIS IS AS FAR AS ANYONE GETS WITHOUT
SPECIAL PRECAUTIONS... AND OUR STUDENTS ARE GONNA
HAVE TO STOP HERE...

4.0     CAMILLE DONS PROTECTIVE GEAR (03:05)
VTR / 00:30 / CAMILLE v.o.
getting dressed in bunny boots, mask, air-shower, etc.

CAMILLE in the changing room
BUT WITH SPECIAL PERMISSION FROM NASA, I'M BEING
ALLOWED TO TAKE YOU INSIDE THIS "E.R." FOR SPACECRAFT,
ALONG WITH A LIVE CAMERA.

she dresses
FIRST, I HAVE TO PUT ON THESE HOSPITAL-STYLE SCRUBS...

we see and hear what happens as she puts on the mask
A FACE-MASK... DON'T WANT TO TAKE EARTH MICROBES TO
MARS!

close-up of the vibrating floor mat
AND THEN IT'S A BUNNY-BOOT SCRUB...

CAMILLE shouts over the air shower noise, from behind the
face mask
AN AIR SHOWER... AND WE'LL BE BACK WHEN I'M CLEAN
ENOUGH TO GO INSIDE@!#!

MEANWHILE, SOME OF YOUR PEERS GOT TO SEE PARTS OF THE
CAPE YOU CAN'T VISIT ON ANY REGULAR FIELD TRIP... OVER
TO YOU, KIDS!

5.0     KID'S EYE TOUR OF KSC (06:05)
VTR / 03:00 / CAMILLE bridging v.o. as needed
from the classic shot of the VAB, the old Explorer 1 launch
pad, the Shuttle flame pits, Pad 17 during the erection of
the MPF Delta rocket, etc. Narrated v.o. and on camera by
Michael Deane's students from McNair Magnet School

HI. I'M MORGAN CABLE AT CAPE CANAVERAL WITH SOME
FLORIDIANS FROM THE MCNAIR SCHOOL. WE'RE GOING TO GIVE
YOU A KIDS' EYE VIEW AND A SPECIAL TOUR OF THE CAPE.

RIGHT BEHIND US IS THE VEHICLE ASSEMBLY BUILDING.  IT
WAS DESIGNED TO HOUSE THE HUGE SATURN ROCKETS THAT
CARRIED THE APOLLO ASTRONAUTS TO THE MOON... NOW IT'S
USED TO ASSEMBLE THE SPACE SHUTTLES

AFTER A SHUTTLE IS FLOWN IN FROM CALIFORNIA, IT'S
ASSEMBLED OR REPAIRED IN THE VAB. THEN IT'S PUT ON A
HUGE CRAWLER AND ROLLED OUT TO EITHER (PAD) 39A OR
39B ON THE CRAWLER.  THIS CRAWLER GOES ONLY 5M.P.H.
AND IT TAKES A WHOLE NIGHT JUST TO GET OUT TO THE
LAUNCH PADS.

NOW WE'RE GOING TO PARTS OF THE CAPE YOU'VE PROBABLY
NEVER SEEN BEFORE!

HERE WE ARE AT THE FLAME TRENCH AT LAUNCH COMPLEX
39A... THIS IS THE PLACE WHERE ALL THE EXHAUST  FROM
THE SHUTTLE BOOSTERS COMES OUT TOPPED OFF BY300,000
GALLONS OF WATER.

THESE ARE THE PIPES THAT CARRY THE WATER THE 300,000
GALLONS OF WATER AND MORGAN'S THERE TO SHOW YOU HOW
BIG THEY ARE.

THESE TUBES BEHIND ME CARRY MILLIONS OF GALLONS OF
WATER TO THE TRENCHES OVER HERE AND THE HEAT CREATED
INTO STEAM IS FLUSHED OUT OF THE TRENCHES AND IT CAN
GET UP TO 3 MILES AWAY FROM THE LAUNCH PAD.

ANOTHER REASON FOR PUMPING THE WATER INTO THE TRENCH
IS WHAT IT SAYS  "SOUND SUPPRESSION SYSTEM"... THE
LAUNCHING OF THE SHUTTLE CREATES ALOT OF SOUND
(WHICH COULD SET UPVIBRATIONS WHICH MIGHT DAMAGE THE
SHUTTLE.)

[SHUTTLE LAUNCH TRANSITION]

THIS IS A BURROUGHS COMPUTER USED TO LAUNCH JOHN
GLENN INTO SPACE...

[GLENN STOCK FOOTAGE]

...IN THE 1960'S. SEE HOW LONG THIS COMPUTER IS? THE
AVERAGE LAPTOP (TODAY) HAS MORE POWER.

[LAPTOP SHOT]

(KIDS AT THE AIR FORCE ROCKETRY MUSEUM)

WE'RE HERE AT THE BUNKER THAT WAS USED TO LAUNCH THE
REDSTONE MISSILES WITH THE MONKEYS IN THEM. THIS
REALLY REMINDS ME OF SOMETHING OUT OF AN OLD 50'S SCI
FI MOVIE. THERE'S BUTTONS AND DIALS AND WHEELS
EVERYWHERE. THERE'S "BJ" OVER AT THE FIRING CONSOLE.

THE RED BUTTON!

READY... 3..2..1..IGNITION!

[REDSTONE LAUNCH]

THIS IS A REDSTONE ROCKET... IT SEEMS REALLY PUNY
COMPARED TO THE DELTA ROCKETS GOING TO MARS... FROM
THE REDSTONE WE'RE GOING OVER TO THE PADS WHERE THE
PAYLOADS TO MARS ARE GOING TO BE LAUNCHED

IT'S A BIG TOWER... THIS IS MY FIRST TIME SEEING ONE OF
THESE AND I THINK THAT THIS IS SO INCREDIBLE BECAUSE I
DON'T THINK THAT I WILL EVER BE ABLE TO COME OUT HERE
THIS CLOSE TO SEEING ONE OF THESE AGAIN.

HEY THIS IS PRETTY EXCITING! RIGHT BEHIND ME AS YOU CAN
SEE THEY ARE LOADING THE FIRST STAGE OF THE DELTA
ROCKET ON LAUNCH PAD 17B

(HARDHAT MAN TALKING)
"THEY WILL ADD A SECOND STAGE TO THIS ONE ONCE IT IS
UP."

(KIDS ASKS MAN) THAT'S THE BOTTOM ONE RIGHT THERE?
YUP, RUNS ON OXYGEN AND KEROSENE. THEY'RE MEDIUM
WEIGHT ROCKETS. THAT'S ASKING QUITE A LOT FOR
CARRYING A PAYLOAD TO MARS."

YOU'RE PROBABLY WONDERING WHY WE'RE ALL WEARING HARD
HATS, BUT ALL PERSONELL THIS CLOSE TO THE LAUNCH PAD
HAVE TO WEAR THEM. IT'S FOR SAFETY REASONS

THIS LAUNCH PAD IS THE EXACT PLACE THAT THE
(PATHFINDER) ROCKET WILL BE LAUNCHED FROM ON DECEMBER 2


[DELTA LAUNCH FOOTAGE (STOCK) WITH MORGAN'S VO:]

KSC IS SURROUNDED BY A WILDLIFE PRESERVE CALLED THE
MERIT ISLAND WILDLIFE REFUGE. THE MIWR IS HOME TO MANY
SPECIES OF BIRDS, PLANTS, AND ANIMALS THAT MIGHT BE
THREATENED OR ENDANGERED. KSC WORKS REALLY HARD SO
THEIR ACTIVITIES DO NOT DAMAGE THIS ENVIRONMENT.

WATER DOWN HERE IS FULL OF LIFE WHICH IS WHY FINDING
WATER ON MARS CAN HOLD POSSIBILITIES OF LIFE ON MARS

(KIDS CLOSE)

WE'RE HERE AT THE CRAWLER THAT CARRIES THE SPACE
SHUTTLE FROM THE VAB TO THE LAUNCH PAD. THIS CRAWLER
WEIGHS 6 MILLION POUNDS, IN FACT, EACH ONE OF THESE
CLEETS WEIGHS 1 TON. THAT ENDS OUR TOUR OF THE CAPE.

FROM ALL THE KIDS FROM MCNAIR, SO LONG!

6.0     NEIL AND THE SNC METEORITE: WORCESTER (13:20)
LIVE / 00:45
This is a piece of Mars... something like this... ALH 84001,
but we don't know quite where it came from... so we have to
go back... which is where MATT comes in...

NEIL:
SO IT TAKES A LOT OF EFFORT TO GET TO MARS... BUT
SOMETIMES,  VERY RARELY, MARS COMES TO US!

ECU meteorite
THIS IS ONE OF THOSE INCREDIBLY RARE MARTIAN
METEORITES YOU MAY HAVE BEEN READING ABOUT. THIS IS
CALLED... (AMNH DATA TK...) AND COMES FROM OUR
COLLECTION AT THE AMERICAN MUSEUM OF NATURAL
HISTORY. IT WAS FOUND IN... IN THE YEAR...

WHAT SEEMS TO HAVE HAPPENED WITH THESE OBJECTS IS...

(gives condensed description of how the SNC meteorites
got here)

THIS ONE DOES >NOT< HAVE ANY EVIDENCE OF POSSIBLE
MARTIAN LIFE FORMS, WHICH IS WHY I'M ALLOWED TO HANDLE
IT. IT'S ONE OF ONLY 12 (CHECK) MARTIAN METEORITES TO BE
FOUND...

UNFORTUNATELY WE DON'T KNOW EXACTLY WHERE ON MARS IT
CAME FROM... WHICH IS WHY WE NEED TO SEND THESE
UPCOMING MISSIONS TO MARS, RATHER THAN JUST WAITING
HERE DOWN ON EARTH FOR MORE CHANCE DELIVERIES!

BUT WHY ARE MATT AND HIS COLLEAGUES, AND MILLIONS OF
PEOPLE ALL AROUND THE WORLD, ASTRONOMERS AND
REGULAR FOLKS ALIKE, SO INTERESTED IN THE PLANET
MARS?

7.0     WHY MARS? (12:35)
VTR / 03:30 / NEIL v.o.
the lure and lore of Mars... early telescope views... Lowell
and Mars mania... Mariner, Viking results... volcanoes,
valleys, channels... the question of water and of life (past,
present, future?)

MARS, THE RED PLANET, IS EARTH'S NEIGHBOR, THE NEXT
PLANET OUT FROM THE SUN. NAMED FOR THE ROMAN GOD OF
WAR, MARS RESEMBLES EARTH IN MANY WAYS.

IT HAS DESERTS... SAND DUNES... POLAR CAPS... CANYONS...
EXTINCT VOLCANOES...  EVEN  SIGNS OF ANCIENT RIVER
CHANNELS, LAKES AND FLOODS, ALMOST CERTAINLY
CAUSED BY LIQUID WATER!

MARS IS HALF THE DIAMETER OF EARTH... BUT IF YOU
IGNORE EARTH'S OCEANS, EARTH AND MARS HAVE JUST
ABOUT THE SAME SURFACE AREA.

MARS, HOWEVER, IS FAR COLDER, AND HAS A  VERY THIN
ATMOSPHERE... LESS THAN 1 PERCENT OF EARTH'S AT SEA
LEVEL....

FOR MORE THAN 300 YEARS EVEN OUR BEST TELESCOPES
COULD SEE ONLY BLURRY, SHIMMERING IMAGES, DISTORTED
BY EARTH'S OWN ATMOSPHERE...

STILL, OBSERVERS COULD NOTE THE ANNUAL GROWTH AND
RETREAT OF THE POLAR CAPS, AND AS EARLY AS 1700
HAD TIMED ITS ROTATION RATE FROM (THE MOTION OF)
LARGE SURFACE FEATURES, AND DETERMINED THE MARTIAN
DAY WAS ABOUT 40 MINUTES LONGER THAN OUR OWN.

IN 1877, THE ASTRONOMER GIOVANNI SCHIAPARELLI
PUBLISHED A MAP OF MARS SHOWING LARGE STRAIGHT
FEATURES HE CALLED "CANALI", ITALIAN FOR "CHANNELS".
CONVINCED THESE WERE ARTIFICIAL, THE AMERICAN
ASTRONOMER, PERCIVAL LOWELL, WROTE ABOUT MARS AS
"THE ABODE OF  LIFE," A DESERT PLANET INHABITED  BY
INTELLIGENT BEINGS, ENGAGED IN A HEROIC STRUGGLE TO
KEEP CIVILIZATION ALIVE BY PLANET-WIDE ENGINEERING!

NOT EVERYONE AGREED....  BUT THE POSSIBILITY OF LIFE
ON MARS WAS WELL ESTABLISHED BEFORE THE BEGINNING
OF THE SPACE AGE.

IN THE LATE '60S, U.S. MARINER SPACE PROBES RETURNED
THE FIRST CLOSE-UP IMAGES OF MARS.

THERE WERE NO "CANALS", BUT THERE WERE SPECTACULAR
SURFACE FEATURES LIKE VALLES MARINERIS, ("VAL-LAYS
MARIN-AIR-RIS") A GIGANTIC CANYON THAT WOULD
STRETCH FROM NEW YORK TO LOS ANGELES.

OUR BEST INFORMATION ABOUT MARS COMES FROM THE
TWO VIKING SPACECRAFT LAUNCHED IN 1975. EACH
CONSISTED OF AN ORBITER AND A LANDER.

VIKING ONE TOUCHED DOWN ON JULY 20, 1976, IN THE
REGION KNOWN AS CHRYSE PLANITIA... ("CRY-SAY PLAN-
ISHIA") THE "PLAINS OF GOLD". VIKING RETURNED THE
FIRST PICTURES FROM THE SURFACE OF MARS... AND
TESTED SOIL SAMPLES FOR SIGNS OF BIOLOGICAL
ACTIVITY... WITH NEGATIVE, BUT PUZZLING, RESULTS
THAT ARE STILL BEING DEBATED TODAY.

THE VIKING PROBES CONTINUED SENDING DATA FOR 6
YEARS, BOTH FROM ORBIT AND THE SURFACE, REVEALING
TANTALIZING EVIDENCE OF CLOUDS AND FROSTS AND
WATER, HINTS OF A TIME WHEN MARS WAS WARMER AND
WETTER. THE ORBITERS PHOTOGRAPHED SIGNS OF ANCIENT
FLOODS AND WHAT LOOKED LIKE RIVER BEDS, WHILE THE
LANDERS SENT DAILY WEATHER REPORTS OF
TEMPERATURE, WIND SPEED AND AIR PRESSURE.

THIS NASA COMPUTER SIMULATION SHOWS WHAT IT MIGHT
BE LIKE TO FLY ACROSS THE SURFACE OF MARS...

DOWN INTO ITS CANYONS...

AND UP ACROSS THE THARSIS BULGE TO A CHAIN OF FOUR
GIGANTIC SHIELD VOLCANOES.

ONE OF THESE, OLYMPUS MONS, IS THE LARGEST VOLCANO
IN THE SOLAR SYSTEM, HIGHER THAN MT . EVEREST, BIG
ENOUGH TO COVER THE STATE OF KANSAS!

SCIENTISTS BELIEVE MARS IS A PLANET UNDERGOING
GREAT CLIMACTIC CHANGE. IF WE CAN UNDERSTAND
WHAT'S HAPPENING ON MARS WE MAY HAVE A BETTER
CHANCE OF UNDERSTANDING IMPORTANT EFFECTS IN OUR
OWN CLIMATE AND ENVIRONMENT HERE ON EARTH.

WE NEED MORE ACCURATE MAPS PROVIDING DETAILED
INFORMATION ABOUT MARTIAN TOPOGRAPHY.

WE WANT TO KNOW MORE ABOUT THE COMPOSITION OF THE
MARTIAN SOIL AND ROCKS. WHAT THREW MARS INTO THE
GRIP OF AN ICE AGE? IF THERE WERE ONCE LAKES AND
FLOWING RIVERS, WHERE'S ALL THAT WATER NOW? LOCKED
IN PERMAFROST? BURIED BENEATH THE POLAR CAPS?

AND IF THERE WAS ONCE WATER, MIGHT THERE HAVE BEEN
LIFE? IF THERE'S NO EVIDENCE OF LIFE ON MARS NOW,
MIGHT THERE BE FOSSIL EVIDENCE OF EXTINCT LIFEFORMS?

MISSIONS LIKE PATHFINDER AND MARS GLOBAL SURVEYOR
SHOULD HELP US FIND ANSWERS TO SOME OF THESE
QUESTIONS AND IN THOSE ANSWERS MAY LIE A BETTER
UNDERSTANDING OF OUR HOME PLANET, EARTH.

To be continued in LFM #10b


      

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