Oil Spill Simulation
Materials (for each team of 3/4 students):
- 1 aluminum pie pan
- 2 tablespoons of vegetable oil
- cup of sand
- medicine dropper
- paper towel
- cotton ball
- wooden toothpicks
- metric ruler
- safety goggles (one per student)
- liquid detergent
- small piece of brown fake fur (to represent an elephant seal)
- feather - use sterilized feathers from a pillow (to represent a penguin
- Activity 1.3 Student Worksheet
- Fill one end of the pan with sand, creating a small beach about one
fourth the length of the pan and about 2 cm deep.
- Fill the remaining portion of the pan with water; reform the "beach",
- At the end of the pan opposite the beach area, dip your finger in and
out of the water once every few seconds to create waves.
- Place the piece of fur and the feather into the pan. Predict
what might happen when oil is added to this environment. Before oil is
added, discuss with your team methods of cleaning up an oil spill with
the materials provided.
- Add two tablespoons vegetable oil to the environment and onto the fur
- As the oil spill spreads out, stick your finger in the center. Observe
what happens when your finger is removed.
- Put two drops of liquid detergent on part of the oil spill. Observe
- Use the wooden toothpicks, cottonball, paper towel, and dropper to
recover as much oil as possible. Use tweezer to handle the paper and cotton.
Write down any observations.
- Clean the feather and fur. Allow to dry overnight. Test for cleanliness.
- What happened to your finger when it was dipped in oil?
- What effect did the detergent have on the oil?
- Which material(s) absorbed the oil most easily?
- Describe any problem you encountered trying to remove the oil from
- What effect do wind and wave action have on cleaning up an oil spill?
- Describe the method you employed to clean the fur and feather. How
effective were these methods?
Student Worksheet #1.3