Navigation

Tutorial

Navigation
An Art and a Science


1. Introduction
2. Basic Navigation
3. Radio Navigation
4. Advanced Navigation
5. Measurement
6. Calculations
7. Aeronautical Charts
8. Reading a Sectional Chart
9. Airways
10. Separation of Air Traffic and Rules
11. Flight Planning
12. Conclusion



1. Introduction
Navigation chartNavigation is the art and science of getting from point "A" to point "B" in the least possible time without losing your way. In the early days of aviation, navigation was mostly an art. The simplest instruments of flight had not been invented, so pilots flew "by the seat of their pants". Today, navigation is a science with sophisticated equipment being standard on most aircraft.


The type of navigation used by pilots depends on many factors. The navigation method used depends on where the pilot is going, how long the flight will take, when the flight is to take off, the type of aircraft being flown, the on-board navigation equipment, the ratings and currency of the pilot and especially the expected weather.

To navigate a pilot needs to know the following:

With this information flight planning can commence and the proper method of navigation can be put to use.
Departure point and destination with direction and distance

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