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UPDATE #58 - April 2, 1999

PART 1: Upcoming Chats
PART 2: Project News
PART 3: Orville's Flight
PART 4: Subscribing & Unsubscribing: How to do it


UPCOMING CHATS

QuestChats require pre-registration. Unless otherwise noted, registration
is at:  http://quest.arc.nasa.gov/aero/chats/#chatting

Wednesday, April 7, 1999, 11 AM Pacific Daylight Time:
Anne Corwin, engineering aide

In addition to being an intern and a full-time student, Anne
assists the staff of the 40x80- and 80x120-foot wind tunnels
with anything they need help with. Since July, Anne has been
working on a large-scale software development project. She is
constructing a program in that will allow customers and users
of the wind tunnels to set up and plan out their tests in an
entirely electronic format.

Read Anne Corwin's profile prior to joining this chat.
http://quest.arc.nasa.gov/aero/wright/team/corwin.html


Wednesday, April 14, 1999, 10 AM Pacific Daylight Time:
Mark Kilkenny, program planning specialist


Over the past 16 years, Mark has worked in administrative
positions for NASA. His current work focuses on John Glenn
Research Center's administrative and business operations. He
is responsible for conducting strategic planning for the center.
He also helps the center determine how well it is progressing
towards its long-term goals and objectives.

Read Mark Kilkenny's profile prior to joining this chat.
http://quest.arc.nasa.gov/aero/team/kilkenny.html



Tuesday, April 20, 1999, 9:30 AM Pacific Daylight Time:
Rich Coppenbarger, aerospace engineer

Rich develops hardware and software systems to help air
traffic controllers manage aircraft as they fly throughout the
nation's skies. One of the software programs he is developing is called
the CTAS, which helps air traffic move smoothly and without
delays. The CTAS is part of the Advanced Air Transportation
Technology (AATT) program, which is designed to help our
nation's air transportation system function better and more
safely, even with more aircraft flying in our skies.

Read Rich Coppenbarger's profile prior to joining this chat.
http://quest.arc.nasa.gov/aero/team/coppenbarger.html

Tuesday, April 27, 1999, 11 AM Pacific Daylight Time:
Ray Oyung, research coordinator, Fatigue Countermeasures Program

Ray is part of a team that works in the Fatigue Countermeasures
Program. The team tries to find ways to reduce the effects of
fatigue, sleep loss, and disruptions to the body's internal
clock on flight crews during flight operations. Ray is also part of a
research team. As a member of the research team, Ray collects
data from experiments focusing on certain aspects of fatigue
and how they affect us.

Read Ray Oyung's profile prior to joining this chat.
http://quest.arc.nasa.gov/aero/team/ray.html

Wednesday, April 28, 1999, 11 AM Pacific Time:
Phillip Luan, instrumentation engineer

Balances used in wind tunnel tests tell engineers how the
force of the wind affects the model. Phillip is responsible for making
sure that balances used for these tests are extremely accurate. He
also helps determine how electrical signals received during the
tests are related to the accuracy of the balances.

Read Phillip Luan's profile and learn more about the Balance Calibration
Lab prior to joining this chat.

http://quest.arc.nasa.gov/aero/wright/team/luan.html
http://quest.arc.nasa.gov/aero/wright/tunnels/balcallab.html


PROJECT NEWS

Wright Flyer Replica Wind Tunnel Data Posted with Lesson Plans!

See five runs worth of data and use it with the lesson plans to gain an
understanding of the data.
http://quest.arc.nasa.gov/aero/wright/teachers/angles/data.html

Three Sets of Wind Tunnel Data Lesson Plans

Do you "Know all the Angles"? Learn about lift and drag! Grades 4-8

Why is it important to "Get the Wright Pitch"? and "Watch your Attitude"!
Grades 6-8

Getting "Up, up and Away" - learn what the Wright Brothers learned.
Grades 9-12

http://quest.arc.nasa.gov/aero/wright/teachers


[Editor's Note: As a special Spring Break treat, an excerpt from "How We Made the First Flight", by Orville Wright. A complete copy of this account is Online at http://www.aero-web.org/history/wright/wright.html ]

From Orvile Wright's own account of the world's first powered,
sustained and controlled flight.

Edited by Michael E. Wayda

FINAL PREPARATIONS

        We laid the track on a smooth stretch of ground about one hundred
feet north of the new building. The biting cold wind made work difficult,
and we had to warm up frequently in our living room, where we had a good
fire in an improvised stove made of a large carbide can. By the time all
was ready, J.T. Daniels, W.S. Dough and A.D. Etheridge, members of the
Kill Devil Life Saving Station; W.C. Brinkley of Manteo, and Johnny Moore,
a boy from Nags Head, had arrived.

      We had a "Richard" hand anemometer with which we measured the
velocity of the wind. Measurements made just before starting the first
flight showed velocities of 11 to 12 meters per second, or 24 to 27 miles
per hour. Measurements made just before the last flight gave between 9
and 10 meters per second. One made just after showed a little over 8
meters. The records of the Government Weather Bureau at Kitty Hawk gave
the velocity of the wind between the hours of 10:30 and 12 o'clock, the
time during which the four flights were made, as averaging 27 miles at the
time of the first flight and 24 miles at the time of the last.


AUDACITY AND CALCULATION

        With all the knowledge and skill acquired in thousands of flights
in the last ten years, I would hardly think today of making my first
flight on a strange machine in a twenty-seven mile wind, even if I knew
that the machine had already been flown and was safe. After these years of
experience I look with amazement upon our audacity in attempting flights
with a new and untried machine under such circumstances. Yet faith in our
calculations and the design of the first machine, based upon our tables of
air pressures, secured by months of careful laboratory work, and
confidence in our system of control developed by three years of actual ex-
periences in balancing gliders in the air had convinced us that the
machine was capable of lifting and maintaining itself in the air, and
that, with a little practice, it could be safely flown.

        Wilbur, having used his turn in the unsuccessful attempt on the
14th, the right to the first trial now belonged to me. After running the
motor a few minutes to heat it up, I released the wire that held the
machine to the track, and the machine started forward in the wind. Wilbur
ran at the side of the machine, holding the wing to balance it on the
track. Unlike the start on the 14th, made in a calm, the machine, facing a
27-mile wind, started very slowly. Wilbur was able to stay with it till it
lifted from the track after a forty foot run. One of the Life Saving men
snapped the camera for us, taking a picture just as the machine had
reached the end of the track and had risen to a height of about two feet.
The slow forward speed of the machine over the ground is clearly shown in
the picture by Wilbur's attitude. He stayed along beside the machine
without any effort.

 FLIGHT

        The course of the flight up and down was exceedingly erratic,
partly due to the irregularity of the air, and partly to lack of
experience in handling this machine. The control of the front rudder was
difficult on account of its being balanced too near the center. This gave
it a tendency to turn itself when started; so that it turned too far on
one side and then too far on the other. As a result the machine would rise
suddenly to about ten feet, and then as suddenly dart for the ground. A
sudden dart when a little over a hundred feet from the end of the track,
or a little over 120 feet from the point at which it rose into the air,
ended the flight. As the velocity of the wind was over 35 feet per second
and the speed of the machine over the ground against this wind ten feet
per second, the speed of the machine relative to the air was over 45
feet per second, and the length of the flight was equivalent to a flight
of 540 feet made in calm air. This flight lasted only 12 seconds, but it
was nevertheless the first in the history of the world in which a machine
carrying a man had raised itself by its own power into the air in full
flight, had sailed forward without reduction of speed and had finally
landed at a point as high as that from which it started.





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